Full Version: Rwanda genocide to loot Congo - France, UK, US and UN
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More on the plundering of the Congo…

The Canadian Barrick Gold has subcontracted Caleb International, who has also partnered with Adastra. Caleb is run by Salim Saleh, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni's half-brother.
When Uganda withdrew from the Congo in 2002, Saleh began training paramilitary groups to help sustain the flow of minerals into Uganda.
Salim Saleh is also a shareholder in Catalyst Co. of Canada, which owns Uganda's Kaabong gold fields. Saleh also owns a stake of private military company Saracen, created by the mercenaries-for-hire firm Executive Outcomes.

Bechtel's Nexant Company is the prime contractor on the Uganda-Kenya pipeline project, which will probably transport petroleum out of the Semliki Basin of Lake Albert.
People associated with Bechtel include: former Secretary of State George Shultz; former Secretary of Defense Casper Weinberger; and retired U.S.M.C. general Jack Sheehan (also a member of the Defense Policy Board at the Pentagon).
Riley P. Bechtel himself is on the Board of J.P. Morgan.

The subsidiary of Halliburton, Brown & Root, helped build a military base near Cyangugu, Rwanda on the Congo-Rwandan border. Brown and Root used this base and mercenaries from Military Professional Resources Inc. (MPRI) to train the RPF and Laurent Kabila's ADFL for the 1996 invasion of the Congo and the Rwandan army's re-invasion in 1998.

MPRI is based in Arlington, Virginia and is run by 36 retired U.S. generals. The Pentagon contracted MPRI for the African Crisis Responsive Initiative (ACRI). ACRI includes military training in guerrilla warfare to Ugandan officers at Fort Bragg, North Carolina in July 1996.
Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have accused Ugandan battalions trained by ACRI of rapes, murders, extortion, and beatings of Ugandan civilians.

In 1998, Ugandan soldiers used ACRI equipment in the invasion of the Congo.
In 1996, according to French intelligence, US Special Forces and mercenaries from MPRI participated in the murder of Rwandan Hutu refugees on the Oso River near Goma.

Tony Buckingham's Heritage Oil & Gas and PMC Sandline International work to manipulate the petroleum options around Lake Albert.
Buckingham is also affiliated with Branch Energy that is operating in the Great Lakes region.

An arms dealer in the region is the Indian-American Kotecha. Kotecha has substantial interests in South Kivu, and has been implicated in money laundering, coltan and diamonds.
After the first U.S.-sponsored invasion of the Congo in 1996, Kotecha has boasted of being the "United States Consulate" in South Kivu.

U.S.-based Phelps Dodge is involved in Katanga copper/cobalt mining projects with Lundin's Tenke Mining. Phelps Dodge director Douglas C. Yearly is also a director of Lockheed Martin.
The World Wildlife Fund partnered with USAID and CARE in "conservation" (acquisition) projects in over Congo, with CARE's "humanitarian" agenda also funded by Lockheed Martin.

Human Rights Watch (HRW) has praised the great progress in preventing illegal mining in the Congo. In HRW’s 2005 report Ugandan officials and multi-national corporations were exposed to smuggle gold through local rebel militias (the FNI and FAPC). HRW accused the western companies Anglo-Ashanti Gold (headquartered in South Africa), and the Swedish Metalor.
For some reason HRW “forgot” to mention that Anglo-Ashanti is partnered with Anglo-American, owned by the Oppenheimer family and partnered with Canada-based Barrick Gold. London-based Anglo-American Plc. owns a 45% share in DeBeers, part of the gigantic Oppenheimer empire.
In one of those strange coincidences Sir Mark Moody-Stuart is a director of Anglo-American, a director of Royal Dutch/Shell and a member of UN Secretary General Kofi Annan's Advisory Board.

The UN has “investigated” the corruption and crime in the Congo, but has “forgot” the executives of Adastra, Anglo-American, Sweden's Adolph Lundin (a friend of George H.W. Bush), who control mining concessions in Lubumbashi, Kolwezi and Mbuji Mayi areas in the Katanga (Shaba) and Kasai provinces:
Isn’t it strange how the Canadian commander of UNAMIR in Rwanda, General Romeo Dallaire, has been turned into a real “hero” for helping the RPF orchestrate the genocide? And that Canadian companies profit from the subsequent takeover of Zaire (the Democratic Republic of the Congo)?

In the following publication from the Executive Intelligence Review of Lyndon LaRouche is a long essay, called “George Bush's ‘Heart of Darkness’”, starting page 16.
It is from January 1997, so relatively short after the first invasion of Zaire, but before Laurent Kabila withdrew from his dirty deals with Western companies, the re-invasion (that later became Africa’s World War) and his assassination, after which his son Joseph Kabila became the new president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
LaRouche argues that it were mainly British companies (in particular from its colony Canada) that profit from looting Zaire (Congo), even before Mobuto was forced out.

Belgium granted Zaire independence with a debt of about $5 billion. By the late 1980s, Zaire's debt had climbed to about $8 billion.
In the early 1990s, Zaire defaulted on most of its debt payments. So naturally the banks, backed by the World Bank, demanded that Zaire pay the debt, "democratise" its government and most importantly privatise its state-owned mining concerns.
In 2000 Congo’s debt had grown to $25.7 billion, which by 2018 was down to $7.2 billion.

Barrick Gold, Munk, Khashoggi
In 1974, Peter Munk became partners with arms-trafficking billionaire Adnan Khashoggi of Saudi Arabia, who became the main financer for Munk’s enterprise. According to Munk, their alliance was cemented at the London headquarters of Peninsular and Orient, whose hereditary boss was the third Earl of Inchcape (who was also a Director of British Petroleum).
Since this arrangement was sealed, Munk became member of the 1001 Club (founded by Prince Philip and Prince Bernhard) and a regular skiing partner of Crown Prince Charles, who attended the opening of a Munk factory outlet mall in Germany.

In 1985, Khashoggi used his Barrick stock as collateral to borrow $21 million for the illegal arms to Iran at the request of Oliver North (at the time there was an official U.S. arms embargo against Khomeini’s regime). Khashoggi made Donald Fraser, who allegedly provided the loan, president of Khashoggi’s Triad American holding company.
The Bank of Credit and Commerce International laundered money for the Iran arms sales. Barrick Gold Corp. co-founder Kamal Adham was prosecuted for fraud in the BCCI case, and fined $100 million.

The sister of David Gilmour, Peter Munk's business partner, had married into the Anglo-Dutch aristocratic Vansittart family. Vansittart used Sir Henry Keswick, and the Keswick’s merchant banking firm Jardine Matheson, to lift Munk’s career.

On 25 November 1986, US Attorney General Edwin Meese for some reason linked the Iran and Contra scandals. The next day, Munk announced an urgent restructuring plan, which kept the Khashoggi group in control and eased Khashoggi out of the limelight. Khashoggi’s long-time attorney, Tariq Kadri, became president of the Horsham holding company that controlled Barrick.
In 1986-87, Barrick Gold acquired the Goldstrike property in Nevada for $63 million, with $10 billion in gold from the US government. After Bush Sr. became President in 1988, his administration gave Barrick Gold a special dispensation to speed up the procedures for a mining company to "patent" to the land. Suddenly Barrick Gold had become one of the biggest gold mining companies in the world, and Bush himself became a Barrick Director.

In 1992, Edward Ney quit as US ambassador to Canada and became a director of the Barrick Gold Corp.
In 1993, Brian Mulroney resigned as Canadian prime minister. Mulroney as PM had directly aided Barrick's international ventures and had worked closely with Bush Sr on “free trade” agreements. Munk immediately hired Mulroney.

In May 1995, the Canada-based Barrick created an international advisory board around George Bush Sr.
Paul G. Desmarais (the richest man in Canada and a member of Her Majesty's Council for Canada) was also on Barrick’s international advisory board. Desmarais runs Power Corp. and serves on several boards with Maurice Strong (a top operative of Prince Philip's and Bernhard’s World Wide Fund for Nature). Desmarais was also part-owner of Europe's largest private TV network, the banking Groupe Bruxelles Lambert and Belgium's Petrofina oil giant.

Consolidated Eurocan - Lundin
In 1996, Eurocan Consolidated of Vancouver finalised a deal to purchase a 55% interest in the Tenke-Fungurume copper-cobalt deposits from state mining company Gecamines, for a quarter of a billion dollars over 72 months.
Consolidated Eurocan is owned and controlled by the Swedish Adolf Lundin, who in the 1980s was involved with the Heritage Foundation and founded Reagan’s presidential campaign.

Banro Resources, MDDZ - Anglo American
In September 1996, the tiny Toronto, Canada-based Banro Resources Corp., obtained a 36% concession to mine gold in Zaire's central-east province of Kivu (Sominki). Another large stake in Sominki was bought by the Belgium-based company Mines D' or du Zaire (MDDZ). Cluff Mining Co. of London owns 60% of MDDZ is; Cluff is controlled by Anglo American Corp that owns 65% of it.
On 21 September 1 996, Banro and MDDZ announced their merger, with Banro selling its shares to MDDZ. The Banro-MDDZ company held a 72% stake in Sominki, ultimately controlled by Anglo American.
The rich concession starts in the town of Bukavu, which was the site of a major Rwandan refugee camp. Banro and Anglo American Corporation needed this site cleared of people, so in mid-October Uganda started the invasion of Zaire and cleared Bukavu of the refugees.

American Mineral Fields - Anglo American
American Mineral Fields (AMF) was founded, owned by Jean-Raymond Boulle, a former executive for DeBeers Diamonds.
AMF signed an agreement with Anglo American, which gave Anglo American the right to invest up to $100 million in any AMF venture in Shaba province, taking up to 50% equity stake in a venture.

Anglo American – De Beers Rio Tinto
The South Africa-based Anglo American is the biggest mining company in the world, run by the Oppenheimer family. Financing for Anglo American and its empire came from Rothschild and J.P. Morgan.
Anglo American, through cross-ownership, owns DeBeers Centenary and DeBeers Consolidated (which together controls 80% of the world's diamonds), and the Luxembourg-based Minerals and Resources Corp. (Minorco) holding company.
The full global reach of Anglo American only becomes clear when viewed in combination with the London-based Rio Tinto Zinc (RTZ), the world's second largest raw materials company, in which (again) the Rothschilds and Queen Elizabeth II own a substantial stake.

See the combined share of Western world mining production of Anglo American and Rio Tinto Zinc in 1996 (Uranium only 8%?).
[Image: Anglo-American-Rio-Tinto-share.png]
For some reason the following story on the links between Erik Prince and Ugandan Yoweri President Museveni’s half-brother Gen. Salim Saleh was deleted from the internet…

Salim Saleh’s real name is Caleb Akandwanaho.
In January 2011, Saracen International of Uganda; in which Salim Saleh reportedly owned a 25% stake lost a lucrative contract in Somalia.

Saracen International is also linked to Erik Prince, who is best known for the notorious Blackwater mercenary firm. Prince is of course also the brother of Donald Trump’s Education Secretary Betsy DeVos.
Saracen International was apparently, like Blackwater, also a bit too violent in Africa.

Prince’s spokesman claimed that Erik is interested in "helping Somalia overcome the scourge of piracy". That sounds so much better than making millions by killing innocent people…
United Nations monitors were concerned that Saracen violated the arms embargo on Somalia.

It is claimed that Sarace (Lebanon) is a distinct entity from the Ugandan Saracen; even though both have chairmen that were formerly employed by Executive Outcomes.
We shouldn’t think it’s suspicious that Saracen (Uganda) makes “introductions” for Saracen (Lebanon).
Lebanese authorities said that the Saracen in Lebanon is really based in the UAE (at the time also home to Erik Prince).

Former U.S. ambassador Pierre R. Prosper, under George W. Bush, with former CIA agent Michael Shanklin, coordinated Saracen’s contract with the Somali government.
Prosper has told they were paid “paid by a Muslim nation”, which is apparently the United Arab Emirates (UAE):

I’m just glad that the UN forgets to mention Erik Prince’s involvement with Salim Saleh...

Between September 1998 and August 1999, occupied zones of the Congo were drained of minerals, agricultural and forest products and livestock.
In January 1999, Jean-Pierre Bemba (leader of MLC) and General James Kazini, the right hand man of Salim Saleh, confiscated large stocks of coffee beans in Equateur Province for sale.

Since the Congo was invaded Uganda in 1998 suddenly started producing much more gold.
[Image: AB11819FBAC78BF985256A3000655C44_1.gif]

In September 1998, Salim Saleh was already discussing creating a company to supply Congo with merchandise, in return for natural resources.
In mid-1999, the Victoria Group, whose key shareholder is Salim Saleh, made counterfeit Congolese francs to buy coffee. At the same time Jean-Pierre Bemba ordered the production of 100-franc Congolese notes.
By the end of 1999, Bemba suspended all 100-franc notes, as to stop “inflation” in the areas he controlled, including Equateur Province.

Salim Saleh and his wife Jovia Akandwanaho are at the core of the illegal exploitation of natural resources in areas controlled by Uganda in the Congo.
On the Ugandan side, three main private companies were involved:
Air Alexander, whose owner is Jovia Akandwanaho;
Air Navette has dealings with General Salim Saleh and Jean-Pierre Bemba;
Uganda Air Cargo, which mainly deals with the Ugandan Ministry of Defence.

Trinity was another shell company owned by Salim Saleh and his wife Jovia.
Trinity’s primary purpose was to facilitate Saleh’s business activities in Orientale Province. Tibasima granted a tax exemption to all Trinity activities in the areas controlled by Uganda in November 1999. Trinity has imported gold, coffee and timber without paying any tax from Orientale Province.

Between 1995 and 1999, in the Garamba Park controlled by the Ugandan and Sudanese mercenaries, nearly 4,000 out of 12,000 elephants were killed. The situation in other parks and reserves is equally grave, where the number of okapis, gorillas and elephants has dwindled to small populations. In the Kahuzi-Biega Park, controlled by the Rwandans and RCD-Goma and rich in coltan, only 2 out of 350 elephant families remained in 2000.
In August 2000, UPDF Colonel Mugeni and his soldiers were discovered with 800 kg of elephant tusks in their car near Garamba Park. Eyewitnesses reported that Rwandan soldiers were selling elephant and buffalo meat:
Folks.Rawanda Massacre was a "BETA" control experiment by the NWO Military Industrial Complex.In short it was an experiment in "Electronic Warfare using 5G type technology HAARP (Tesla) devices designed for "Voice to Skull" implanting of thought control.The UN were in there making "Snuff Movies" for the Elite parasites.
We will all be subject to this control system once the 5G network is unravelled,worldwide Please check out this explanatory web site for "Operation Crimson Mist " Operation Crimson Mist,

"Electronic Slaughter in Rwanda"
The following is interesting as it presents information on the Interahamwe from 1992 (almost like a warning)…

In 1991, member of MRND Murenzi Desiree cofounded the Interahamwe as a “think tank” for young people.
Desiree later became director of Petrorwanda. He took money from the oil company to fund the Interahamwe:

Jeannette Nyiramongi was a school friend of Jeannette Urujen, who became Jeannette Rwigema after she married Salim Saleh’s friend, Fred Rwigema (or Rwigyema).

Jeannette Nyiramongi became the mistress of the late Joseph Nzirorera (former MRND's general secretary).
Nyiramongi also had an affair with the married Husi Kajuga, the older brother of none other than Robert Kajuga, another founding member and the president of the Interahamwe militias!

After she became pregnant, Husi Kajuga sent Jeannette Nyiramongi to Nairobi in January of 1987, where Husi paid for her education. Nyiramongi lived there at the house of Specioza Kayihura (mother of Paul Kagame’s spokes woman Yolanda Makolo and director of advertisement at MTN Rwanda Yvonne Makolo).
Husi Kajuga introduced Jeannette Kagame to the extended Kayihura family in Kenya.

In 1989, Immacule Mirenge introduced Jeannette Nyiramongi to Paul Kagame and in June of that year they got married.
See the married couple later, as dictator and first lady (Jeannette Kagame) of Rwanda.
[Image: kagame-na-jean1.jpg]

The Kayihura family was later rewarded by evil Jeannette Nyiramongi Kagame with nice jobs in Rwanda. Viviane Kayitesi Kayihura heads Rwanda Development Bank, Teta Rutimirwa Kayihura heads urban planning, Eugene Kayihura Rwanda’s ambassador to South Korea, Rema and Minego are board members at New Times:

Jeannette Rwigema has complained about being targeted by Kagame’s government.

In June 2008, Andrew Rwigamba (who was also schooled in the US) was unceremoniously fired as Rwanda’s Inspector General of Police, together with his colleagues Costa Habyara and Peter Sano, on the orders of criminal Paul Kagame. The main reason for the indefinite suspension of the trio was that they offered protection to Jeannette Rwigema (widow of the assassinated Gen Fred Rwigema).

In 2011, Rwigamba was appointed as Director of Military Relations, without an official role or office.
In 2013, Brig Gen Andrew Rwigamba was fired by Paul Kagame.

Years later, the DMI suddenly spread false rumours that Rwigamba is a long sufferer of a certain (unnamed) disease. This has been done before...
For example, before Col Steven Ndugute was eliminated, DMI started spreading rumours that he suffered from a certain disease and few months later, he died (through poisoning).
The same DMI spread the similar rumour about Col William Bagire, who died a few months later (also through poisoning).
The DMI also spread this rumour about Col Charles Ngoga, who was eliminated a couple of months later.

In early September 2019, Rwigamba started vomiting blood, and his family rushed him to King Faisal Hospital. The doctors discovered that the cause of his illness were poisonous substances.
And on 16 October 201919, Andrew Rwigamba died due to internal organs failure, caused by poisoning.

According to the writer of this interesting piece, Gen James Kabarebe on the orders of Paul Kagame, was the one who assassinated Andrew Rwigamba (by poisoning):

Gen. Salim Saleh (Caleb Akandwanaho) trained together with his friend Fred Rwigyema and brother Yoweri Museveni in Mozambique with Samora Machel's Frelimo rebels.

Saleh has been implicated in several scandals, including the illegal purchase of Uganda Commercial Bank Ltd in 1998. Saleh admitted that in the sale of the bank to Malaysian firm Westmont, he helped the Ugandan Greenland bank to buy shares in the bank, in violation of the sale agreement.
Salim Saleh bought a majority interest in a Malaysian firm, Westmont Berhad, which had earlier bought a 51% stake in the Uganda Commercial Bank.
The former managing director of Greenland Investments, Dr Sulaiman Kiggundu, was prosecuted and sent to jail for six months, while for some reason Saleh was never prosecuted.
In 1998, Salim Saleh was forced to resign as presidential advisor (to his half-brother Museveni) over this scandal.

Another corruption scandal involving Saleh is the purchase of 2 "junk" helicopters from the former Soviet republic Belarus in 1997. In which it is claimed that the Ugandan government lost more than $10 million.
Saleh admitted that he had received a commission of $800,000 in the deal. His brother, President Museveni, said that Saleh had told him that he had used the money to finance the war in northern Uganda.

Dr James Rwanyarare of Uganda People's Congress said that "no one could prosecute" Saleh.

Erik Prince’s business partner, Salim Saleh, continued his successful career to become the Ugandan Minister of State for Microfinance in 2006:
In 2002, the United Nations accused dozens of multinationals of facilitating the plunder of the Democratic Republic of Congo including: Barclays Bank, De Beers, Anglo American, Afrimex, Mineral Afrika, Euromet, Das Air, A Knight International, A&M Minerals and Metals, Alex Stewart, Arctic Investment and Amalgamated Metal Corporation.
The UN reported an additional 29 companies and 54 individuals, mostly African and Belgian, which were directly involved in the plunder.

The UN named the Zimbabwean John Bredenkamp of mediating sales of military equipment from BAE Systems to Congo in violation of European sanctions.
Bredenkamp was a key investor in the Aviation Consultancy Service Company, which represents BAE Systems.

The UN’s harshest criticism wasn’t to the profiteers from Britain, Canada and the US but at the crooked government officials in several African countries that profit, including Rwandan army's chief of staff James Kabarebe; Zimbabwe's parliament speaker Emmerson Mnangagwa; and Uganda's army chief of staff Major General James Kazini.

Rwanda did everything it could to prolong the fighting, including collaborating with its “enemies”.
Senior Rwandan official Jean-Pierre Ondekane, urged its army units to maintain good relations "with our interahamwe and Mayi-Mayi brothers", and "if necessary to let them exploit the sub-soil for their survival":

In March 2003, before the transitional Congolese government was established in Kinshasa, a representative of AngloGold Ashanti, Trevor Schultz, participated in a board meeting with their joint venture partner OKIMO. They discussed gold drilling in Mongbwalu.
AngloGold Ashanti (until 2009 a subsidiary of Anglo American) provided financial and logistical support to the FNI.

Between March and June 2003, the Front des Nationalistes et Intégrationnistes (FNI) with the help of the Ugandan army took effective control over the Mongbwalu area. The FNI and its leaders were responsible for some of the worst atrocities in this region, for example in Kilo on 10 March 2003 they massacred at least 100 women and children and abducted many others.
When AngloGold Ashanti was planning gold mining activities in Mongbwalu in late 2003, the FNI controlled the land, including the airport and roads. FNI terrorists also controlled entry to and exit from the mines and collected taxes for entry to Mongbwalu or the mines.

According to an employee of AngloGold Ashanti, vice-president of the transitional government for economy and finance Jean-Pierre Bemba suggested the FNI to AngloGold Ashanti. Bemba told them to “talk to the little guy” Njabu, who was then residing at the Grand Hotel in Kinshasa.
The meetings took place just weeks after the FNI combatants had brutally massacred innocent civilians in Concession 40 (east of Mongbwalu) in September 2004. In December 2004, AngloGold Ashanti wrote that Vice President Bemba had assured that Ituri was safe and had “urged the company to continue with its exploration program in the region”.

The denials about financial assistance to the FNI armed group were contradicted by
In February 2005 AngloGold Ashanti’s spokesman Steven Lenahan, was quoted with details on payments to the FNI. AngloGold Ashanti also supported the FNI armed group in Mongbwalu, with assistance with logistics and transportation:

There have been protests against Barrick Gold…
[Image: barrickafm2013-12.jpg]

In September 2018, Barrick took over Randgold to create the world’s largest gold company with an aggregate market value of $18.3 billion. As a result, Barrick became the owner of Randgold’s 45% stake in the Kibali mine in Congo.
Congolese Mines Minister Martin Kabwelulu said this would still have to be approved by the government in accordance with the new mining code:

In April 2018, 8 mining companies (Barrick Gold is missing!) Glencore, Randgold Resources, Ivanhoe Mines, Gold Mountain International (Zijin Mining Group), MMG Ltd., Crystal River Global, China Molybdenum Co. (CMOC) and AngloGold Ashanti complained about the new mining code in Congo, and threatened with legal action:

And then in January 2019, Felix Tshisekedi (Etienne’s son) became the new president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Problem solved?!?
Some claim that president Tshisekedi is nothing more than a puppet of Joseph Kabila:
Gertler, Steinmetz, HSBC, ENRC, pollution

It looks like the money laundering giant bank HSBC has helped some of the crooks plundering the Congo of its natural resources…
Diamonds are a great way to launder money and evade taxes.

Dan Gertler reportedly got his big start trading arms for diamonds in African civil wars during the 1990s in violation of UN embargoes.
Gertler, who is represented by the notorious London law firm Mischon de Reya, is listed in the HSBC files under an account under the name of the Concordia Marketing Group Inc. The other beneficial owner of the Concordia account was Daniel Steinmetz of the Steinmetz family. The Steinmetzes are maybe the biggest HSBC diamond clients with nearly half a billion dollars at HSBC in 2006/2007.
The “Swiss resident” Beny Steinmetz and Gertler are of course business partners.

Omega Diamonds is involved in plundering Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. After David Renous blew the whistle on Omega Diamonds helping Russian-Israeli Arkadi Gaydamak to launder arms money, in 2006 its executives Sylvain Goldberg, Robert Liling, and Ehud Arye Laniado had to flee Belgium.
Belgium claims Omega owes it €4.6 billion. In 2013, this was settled for (only) $195 million (the largest ever settlement involving a “Belgian company”).
Goldberg is also in the HSBC files.

Goldberg and Laniado were also partners in the Angolan diamond monopoly Ascorp, which is controlled by Russian-Israeli billionaire Chabad-Lubavitcher Lev Leviev, the associate of Vladimir Putin, Donald Trump and Ron Lauder. Leviev also had several numbered accounts at HSBC.
Among Ascorp’s shareholders was the Angolan dictator’s daughter Isabel dos Santos, the richest African woman with nearly $4 billion. Her mother, Tatiana Cergueevna Koukanova Regan, had 2 numbered HSBC accounts with $4.5 million:

Swiss multinational Glencore refused to disclose how much it paid to Dan Gertler. In 2018, despite US sanctions from December 2017, Glencore continued to pay Gertler more than $200,000 per day for its cobalt projects in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
In December 2018, a Glencore subsidiary settled not disclosed contracts with and payments to Gertler-affiliated entities with Canadian regulators.

In 2018, Glencore supplied about one third of the world’s cobalt, a mineral that is key for rechargeable batteries in cars and electronics.
Quote:For every $100 spent on cobalt from Glencore, more than $2 is owed to a company under US sanctions. Companies that want to make sure they’re not linked to illicit deals need to look at the Glencore-Gertler connection first.

At the end of 1990’s, Dan Gertler paid $20 million to Loran Kabyle, of the Kabyle clan that ruled Congo, for the monopoly to export Congo diamonds.

In 2001, Gertler engaged high Israel officers Avigor Ben Gal and Meir Dagan to deliver $700,000 in arms from Israel to Congo. Israel Military Industries provided arms, which indicates that this was approved by top Israeli leadership.

By 2009, DGI group was one of the largest rough and polished diamonds sellers in the world:

In July 2000, the Democratic Republic of the Congo's Government passed a decree banning the Lebanese from exporting diamonds. On the very same day, Congo’s Government signed an exclusive contract with the newly created Israeli company International Diamond Industry (IDI Diamond), for a joint venture with an export monopoly on Congolese diamonds. The profits would be shared 70:30 between the Congolese Government and IDI.

IDI Diamond is linked to the Tel Aviv based Schnitzer Diamond.

Special investments advisor to President Laurent Kabila, Nkere Ntanda Nkingi, explained that the deal also included a "special anti-smuggling unit … formed by the Israeli army".
According to IDI, it would only recommend names of security experts who could help Congo cut down on smuggling:

In 2005, the notoriously secretive Amsterdam-based Cunico Resources acquired FENI industries. Cunico Resources was started as a joint venture between Beny Steinmetz Group Resources (BSGR) and International Mineral Resources (IMR). IMR is the Zurich-based subsidiary of the Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation (ENRC), controlled by the Kazakh trio (Alexander Mashkevich, Patokh Chodiev and Alijan Ibragimov).
FENI industries owns both the ferronickel plants in Kavadarci (Macedonia) and NewCo Ferronikeli (in Kosovo, since 2006).

Air pollution from the NewCo Ferronikeli mine and smelting plant was 9 times the legal limit, and “posed a serious risk to the health of the population”.
In the NewCo Ferronikeli there were explosions, fires, and dangerous levels of pollution. In June 2011, a furnace exploded in the plant, injuring 5 workers and damaging dozens of homes. Demonstrators blocked the entrance to Ferronikeli’s facilities for several days.

The amount of nickel found in moss from Kavadarci was about 15 times higher than in the rest of Macedonia.
From 2011 to 2012, the cancer rates in and around Kavadarci rose from 981 to 1,332.
In 2013, 17 children younger than 6 were diagnosed with cancer.

In 2013, thousands of Romanians protested against the pollution by the Rosia Montana plant, owned by Gabriel Resources.
The 3 largest shareholders in Gabriel Resources are BSG Capital Markets (of Beny Steinmetz), Electrum Global Holdings and hedge fund Paulson & Co; each own 16%.

In July 2013, the Dutch Court froze ENRC’s assets, including its share of Cunico Resources, over fraud allegations.
Also in 2013, ENRC was “investigated by the Serious Fraud Office over claims of fraud, bribery and corruption in Africa”:
Christian Davenport and Allan Stam of the Universities of Michigan and Virginia were hired by the ICTR to investigate the Rwanda genocide. When they started they completely believe the official narrative that the “extremist” Hutus were solely to blame.

In November 2003, Stam and Davenport presented some of what they had found out so far at a conference in Kigali. They showed that comparing the 800,000 to 1 million to have been killed, to official census data from 1991 of a total of approximately 600,000 Tutsi in the country in 1991 with about 300,000 surviving the 1994 massacre, that only about 300,000 of those killed were Tutsi, and more than that – 500,000 to 700,000 – Hutus were killed.
When they showed this obvious conclusion, a military man stood up, interrupted the presentation and forced them to stop. They were forced to leave Rwanda at once and labelled “genocide deniers".

Under the Rwandan constitution, "revisionism, negationism and trivialisation of genocide" are criminal offences for which hundreds of people have been tried and convicted for.
Five were sentenced to life imprisonment, another 5 were sentenced to more than 20 years in jail, 99 were sentenced to 10–20 years in jail, 211 received a custodial sentence of 5–10 years, and the remaining 169 received jail terms of less than five years.
In 2010, the American law professor and attorney Peter Erlinder was even arrested in Kigali and charged with genocide denial, when he was defending presidential candidate Victoire Ingabire against charges of genocide.

It is impossible to know how many ethnic Hutu or Tutsi died in the genocide, because there is no observable difference between the “typical” Hutu Rwandan and the typical Tutsi Rwandan.
It could be of course that the scale of the killing was smaller than reported.
Following the Kigali conference, the ICTR prosecution teams of Webster and Mulvaney told Stam and Davenport that they had no further use for them, because their findings at the Kigali conference had made their efforts “superfluous”.

In 1996, the ICTR started its “investigation” by interviewing 12,000 witnesses. The witnesses represent a highly biased sample; the ICTR simply “forgot” to interview many people who would implicate members of the RPF.
Stam and Davenport couldn’t ignore that the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) was responsible for many of the killings.

Stam and Davenport found it striking that the extreme killing sprees escalate where RPF forces were located. Stam and Davenport twist this into explaining that the closeness of the RPA forces forced the extremist Hutus to go on a murder spree, but a simpler explanation is that the RPA murdered many of those victims, for which the Hutus (FAR) were blamed:

The RPF and the US government did not want an international intervention force to obstruct its victory.
23 days into the genocide, the RPF wrote to the UN that “the time for UN intervention is long past. The genocide is almost completed. Most of the potential victims of the regime have either been killed or have since fled”.
According to the official narrative genocide lasted 100 days, all murders blamed on the Hutus…

Since the moment Kagame seized power in Rwanda, the US and Britain have provided him with undiminished financial and military aid. The Rwandan army has grown into a formidable force that played a prominent role in UN “peacekeeping” operations, notably in Sudan and the Central African Republic.
Only in 2010, there was a brief stop after the UN documented RPF atrocities in the Congo, during the 2 Congo wars of 1996-97 and 1998-2003. It also indicated that Rwanda was backing the notorious M23 group in Congo. Britain suspended aid to Rwanda, but resumed it in 2012.

President Kagame explained that he has won presidential election by almost 100% per cent, by the ”uniqueness of the country as well as the citizens’ voice about their governance”.
See Bill Clinton and "Our Kind of Guy" (in Bill’s words) Paul Kagame.
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In August 2010, the French newspaper Le Monde reported on a draft UN report on human rights violations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 1993 to 2003. The report described that the RPF since its takeover of Rwanda in 1994 proceeded to carry out “systematic and widespread attacks” against Hutu refugees who had fled to Congo that “could be classified as crimes of genocide”.
Quote:Significant areas… have been the scene of systematic and sustained killing and persecution of the civilian Hutu population by the Rwandan Patriotic Front…
These actions were consistently reported to be conducted in areas where opposition forces of any kind – armed or unarmed, or resistance of any kind … were absent. Large scale indiscriminate killings of men, women and children, including the sick and elderly were consistently reported.
I couldn’t find these sections in the definite version of the report…

Britain set up the Umubano Project to develop Rwanda. Kagame praised the UK with: “We have received support from many countries but our partnership with the United Kingdom has been very significant”.
Former British PM Theresa May wrote in a message “I am proud of what the United Kingdom and Rwanda have achieved together as partners and as friends thanks to the cooperation and vision of President Kagame who I congratulate on his re-election. Today, Rwandans have the best life chances they have ever had”.

I n 2016, Leopold Munyakazi, a Rwandan linguist teaching in New Jersey, suggested that what happened in Rwanda was not genocide, but a civil war over state power. Rwanda issued an international warrant charging him with genocide, and the Obama administration deported him.
Munyakazi was found guilty on all charges and sentenced to life imprisonment, which was reduced to 9 years. Munyakazi was injected with a psychotic drug in prison, which made him “deranged” for years now.

In January 2018, US President Donald Trump met Rwanda's Paul Kagame at Davos at the World Economic Forum in Switzerland, where he praised the new head of the African Union: "It's an honour to have you as a friend":
M23, Susan Rice

The M23 rebel group was supported by Rwanda and Uganda since 1997, when they conspired to remove Mobutu Sese Seko from power of Zaire and install Laurent Désiré Kabila as dictator of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
M23 was the most active mercenary group in Congo until it was forced to leave and retreat to Rwanda and Uganda in November 2013.

In June 2012, the UN released a shocking report detailing Rwanda’s and Uganda’s support to the brutal M23 terrorist group operating in Congo, including arms and training.
It details that Rwanda’s defence minister commanded M23.

Former Congolese general Bosco Ntaganda controls the ground operations, while M23 leader Sultani Makenga was in charge of operations and coordination with allied armed groups.
Both Ntaganda and Makenga receive direct military orders from RDF (Rwandan army) Chief of Defense staff General Charles Kayonga, who in turn acts on instructions from Minister of Defence General James Kabarebe.

Xavier Chiribanya, who was reportedly involved in the killing of Laurent Kabila, on 9 May 2012 declared that his UCDD movement is an ally of M23 and subsequently held a series of meetings during which he claimed full support from the Rwandan Government of Kagame.

According to this UN report:
Quote:Senior Rwandan officials have also been directly involved in the mobilization of political leaders and financial backers for M23. Based on interviews conducted with M23 members, ex-CNDP officers and politicians, intelligence officers, FARDC senior commanders, the Group established that Rwandan officials have made extensive telephone calls and organized a series of meetings with Congolese politicians and businessmen to promote and rally support for M23.

Four Rwandans have told that the Rwandan army forcibly recruited them for the M23 terrorist group fighting in neighbouring eastern Congo. One of them described Rwanda's President Paul Kagame as the commander-in-chief of M23.

Human Rights Watch (HRW) has said that they had also received reports on Rwandan officers providing military training to M23 recruits that included Rwandan children.
HRW didn’t explain why they waited with reporting on this till after the UN report...

Some 800,000 people were displaced in Congo since the M23 launched its rebellion in April 2012 (written in July 2013):

The following describes sections 61-69 as the most important. These sections do NOT appear in (the version of) the report on the internet…
Quote:It documents a whole economy build around the CNDP-controlled territory in eastern Congo; bank accounts in Rwanda filled by ‘pools’ of Rwandan exiles, CNDP tolls on roads, its control of the lucrative charcoal trade, land purchases and cattle ranching, ‘front’ companies and even the control of the main Congo/Uganda customs post. The money – and this is resource rich area – flows through Rwanda. The report also names senior members of the Rwandan government and military who have had close personal and telephone contact with CNDP. And it details the supply of weapons and uniforms by the Rwandan government to the rebel movement. It is hard to imagine what further proof is needed.

Kagame strongly denied the allegations in the UN report, even though these are well documented.

After the June 2012 UN report, in December 2012 US President Barack Obama warned President Paul Kagame to stop supporting M23. The US suspended (only) $200,000 in military aid to Rwanda.
Kagame ally Britain announced it would withhold $34 million in aid to Rwanda.

For some reason, Uganda wasn’t included in the suspension of aid...

Then, on 1 January 2013 Rwanda took a prestigious seat on the United Nations Security Council:

In 2012, US Ambassador to the UN Susan Rice tried to have the UN report suppressed. She explained to Gerard Araud: “Listen Gerard, this is the D.R.C. If it weren’t the M23 doing this, it would be some other group”.
Rice did achieve in having some of the most extreme accusations against Rwanda deleted from the report.

In 1993, Susan Rice was appointed to President Clinton’s National Security Council and involved in orchestrating the Congo genocide (and Rwandan genocide?).
In 1997, Rise was promoted to assistant secretary of state for African affairs at a time that Rwanda and Uganda were invading eastern Congo, taking control of mineral resources in a sea of blood.

Rice has even worked directly for Kagame’s government, when she worked for strategic analysis firm Intellibridge (in Washington DC).
Other former Clinton administration officials at Intellibridge include: David J. Rothkopf (under secretary in the Commerce Department); Anthony Lake (Clinton’s national security adviser); and John M. Deutch (CIA director).

In another one of those strange coincidences, Susan Rice and her husband have profited from President Donald's approval of the Keystone XL pipeline, in which they invested.

M23 is used by Anglo-American proxies Uganda and Rwanda, to expand their control over Eastern Congo.
HRW has reported on M23's "widespread war crimes" in Congo, including executions, rapes and using child soldiers.

According to Jason K. Stearns (in 2012):
Quote:The M23 would probably no longer exist today without Rwandan support.
It stepped in to prevent the movement from collapsing and has been providing critical military support for every major offensive.
Burundi President Nkurunziza dies after expelling WHO

On 8 June 2020, the 55-year-old Hutu President of Burundi Pierre Nkurunziza died unexpectedly and very suddenly “following a cardiac arrest”.
Nkurunziza appeared to be in good health.

Maybe it isn’t that “unexpected” to some “conspiracy theorists”…
Nkurunziza refused to impose corona restrictions on Burundi, allowing sports and political rallies.

On 12 May, the Burundian government expelled the World Health Organization (WHO) because – according to Nkurunziza - COVID-19 is a false pandemic and declared WHO representatives “persona non grata” in Burundi.
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Our wonderful media put the full spin on this one, denying that he died of a “heart attack” but instead insinuating that he died of the coronavirus, after his wife was flown to a Kenyan hospital after becoming ill from THE coronavirus (never mind that this hasn’t actually been confirmed):

Another possible motive for killing him, is that Burundi President Pierre Nkurunziza might have contradicted the official story on: 1) the Rwanda genocide; and 2) the plundering of the Congo.
I searched hard, but couldn’t find anything...

There was a lot tension between President Nkurunziza and Rwanda President Paul Kagame, as they both claimed that the other was supporting rebel groups (terrorists) in their own country.
Personally I think that Kagame from the Tutsi minority, who after orchestrating the Rwanda genocide, has ruled Rwanda with an iron fist, is a psychopath and pathological liar, so don’t believe anything he says...

Pierre Nkurunziza and Paul Kagame were once on good terms. This changed in November 2012, when Nkurunziza disagreed that Kagame was supporting the M23 rebel (terrorist) group in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.
See Paul Kagame and Pierre Nkurunziza before their disagreement.
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In April 2015, President Pierre Nkurunziza announced to run for a third term as president, which was in violation of the Arusha agreement that Nkurunziza’s party had never agreed to.
Paul Kagame and other international politicians (including Barack Obama) spoke out against this decision by Nkurunziza.

On 13 May 2015, a bloody coup was staged in Burundi, led by Godefroid Niyombare.
More than 400 people were killed and more than 200,000 Burundians fled to neighbouring countries, mainly Rwanda and Tanzania.
The coup failed and Nkurunziza was re-elected president.

The Burundi government, including Nkurunziza and Burundi's Foreign Minister Alain Nyamitwe, accused Kagame of sheltering Niyombare and helping rebels attack Burundi from Rwanda.
They also accused Rwanda from aiding the anti-Nkurunziza media campaign (through radio stations like the RPA and TV Renaissance) operating in Kigali.

A February 2016 confidential report of the United Nations confirms that Rwanda recruited and trained Burundian refugees from the Mahama camp.
More armed attacks came in July 2015 and December 2015 in Burundi, probably supported by the Rwandan Defense Forces and the Rwandan authorities.

In November 2015, Paul Kagame accused Nkurunziza of setting the ground for a possible genocide by staying in power of Burundi.
Kagame has accused the Burundian government of hosting the FDLR (Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda) and helping it to move freely between Burundi and Congo.

In May 2018, 26 people were killed in Ruhagarika, in the west of Burundi. The attack was led by Alexis Sinduhije, who lives alternatively in the Congo and Rwanda:
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