06-20-2019, 02:06 PM
(This post was last modified: 06-20-2019, 02:09 PM by Firestarter.)
The purpose of drugs is population control. The “War on drugs” increases the control over both the dope dealing and the addicts, while keeping the prices high.
The profits are used to rig elections, bribe politicians and (other) government officials and stage false flag attacks, while the elite launder the money and take a large chunk for themselves for example labelled as consultancy or speaking fees.
I’ll try to present the information I collected in chronologic order (and there’s a lot), starting with the British Opium wars against China, the Dutch VOC and ending with Afghanistan where farmers are forced by economic conditions to grow poppy instead of food.
I’ll start in this post with “Dope, Inc.
” from the Lyndon Larouche organisation.
The British Empire was founded on the opium trade.
The great aristocratic families of Britain – with the British monarchy at the top — rule the drugs business. The names of the families are familiar to the insiders: Matheson, Keswick, Swire, Dent, Baring, and Rothschild.
The names of the institutions involved: the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank (HongShang), the Chartered Bank, the Peninsular and Orient Steam Navigation Company.
HongShang, created in 1864, does what the Keswicks set it up to do: provide centralised financing of the drug trade.
They operate through occult secret societies: the Order of Zion, Mazzini's Mafia, and the China "Triads".
The Order of Zion rested in the British Board of Deputies, was founded in 1763 and is still active. One of the board's earliest presidents was Sir Moses Montefiore - "Queen Victoria's favourite Jew
The Order of Zion was funded through the London and Paris banking houses of Rothschild, Montefiore, and De Hirsch.
The Jesuits reached the orient after the first Portuguese trade and military inroads at the end of the sixteenth century. When the Dutch drove the Portuguese out of Asian trade, they negotiated with the Jesuits on the Chinese trade. The Dutch took over the centuries-old dope-trading routes from the Portuguese, including opium between Canton, China's key port city, and Portuguese-controlled Macao.
The Dutch later negotiated an opium monopoly for north India with the Jesuit-influenced Mogul court. The monopoly permitted the Dutch to force Indian peasants to produce opium in exchange for taxes paid to the Mogul court.
A century later, the Dutch were shipping more than 100 tons of opium per year to Indonesia. The Dutch found opium "a useful means for breaking the moral resistance of Indonesians
”. By 1659, the worldwide opium trade was second only to the spice trade.
In 1601, the (English) East India Company was founded that was dealing in opium by 1717. The East India Company only took over the opium trade after the British military victories in India in 1757 that put Bengal under British rule.
In 1784, Lord Shelburne started the reorganisation that turned the East India Company into a looting organisation, with the help of the "free trade" flank against the US. This had been proposed in 1772 in Adam Smith's supposed economic masterpiece “Wealth of Nations
” in 1776.
Shelburne sent David Hume and Adam Smith to France for Jesuit training and then paid to create a "theory" of free trade, which meant the narcotics trade. The Jesuits continued the tradition of the Delphic Cult of Apollo, which in turn drew on the "secrets" of the priesthood of Babylon.
This "economical science" didn’t start with Smith and Bentham, who worked for Shelburne, but with the Order of St. John's group of pet intellectuals, the physiocrats, who rewrote Chinese zero-growth economics, based on Chinese texts brought to Europe by the Jesuits; like the work of Confucius and Mencius.
Scottish mafioso Henry Dundas, Pitt's secretary of state and an early patron of Adam Smith, directed the Board of Control for the East India Company, and in 1787 wrote a master plan to extend the opium traffic into China.
Britain used the the opium trade to conquer the USA. British banking families, including the Barings, who had intermarried with the Philadelphia Binghams, cut some Boston merchants in on the lucrative dope traffic to China. In 1816, John Jacob Astor was trading opium for the East India Company, and William Hathaway Forbes, of Boston, even joined the founding board of directors of the central opium bank, the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank. The Cabots, Lodges, Forbes, Cunninghams, and other leading Boston merchant families made their initial fortunes through Russell and Co., whose principal business were African slaves and opium to China.
Britain imported cotton from American plantations (which it backed during the Civil War); turned into textiles in British mills; and exported the textiles to India for opium- that was then sold to China.
Because it was owned by the Crown, the East India Company couldn’t trade opium in its own name. It used a set of "cut-outs", intermediaries, who exported opium to China covertly for the company. The East India Company used a network of private dope traders to found the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank in 1864.
India depended on opium for 30% of its exports, most of it to China. In British India, taxes on the opium trade provided almost 20% of total government revenues by 1880. Gross revenues from the opium traffic was about two thirds of the total exports from Britain from 1840 to 1890.
By the 1830s, opium was the largest commodity in international trade.
By 1830-31, the number of chests of opium brought into China had increased fourfold to 18,956 chests. In 1836, this figure exceeded 30,000 chests. In 1838, on the eve of the first Opium War, British troops landed in China to force the drugs distributed by British merchants on China.
From 1829 to 1840, a total of 7 million silver dollars entered China, while 56 million silver dollars were sucked out by the opium trade.
By the end of the nineteenth century, Britain was importing 50% more than it exported — £450 million in imports against £300 million in exports. It made up the difference through opium. In 1890, the value of the British opium revenues in China alone equalled the entire home trade deficit!
In 1919, the British elite founded the Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA) as the central planning and recruitment agency for the “New World Order”. The RIIA is not composed of the most influential people in Britain, but brings together the chief operating officers of the British monarchy.
The RIIA not only controls the drugs traffic, but every important money laundering operation in the world.
The RIIA dominates: all of Britain's top commercial banks; British Petroleum and Royal Dutch Shell; the leading British merchant banks; the world gold and diamonds trade; all leading opium trading firms (including the P&O Steamship Company, Jardine Matheson, John Swire and Sons, and Charterhouse Japhet).
Probably the total world cash flow of illegal drugs traffic (in 1978) is between $100 and 200 billion.
The cash must go through nominally legitimate channels, in such volume that the legitimate banks — like HongShang — cannot possibly be unwitting as to the origin.
The Anglo-Dutch "offshore" banking system launders all of this dirty money through the international banking system past the eyes of law enforcement authorities. The Anglo-Dutch oligarchy's banking operations have the following qualifications :
1) They have run the drug trade since the first half of the 18th century.
2) They dominate the "offshore", unregulated banking centres that are closed off to law enforcement.
3) They dominate all banking at the heart of the narcotics traffic.
5) They control the world trade in gold and diamonds, a necessary aspect of exchange for drugs.
6) They subsume the full array of organised crime, the state media, politics, the legal system, and all other required elements of distribution, and protection.
There is evidence of the strategic agreement between Great Britain and the Maoist People's Republic of China, going back to negotiations between British opium-runners and Mao Tse-tung, under the auspices of the RIIA.
The British maintained an official pro-Maoist propaganda campaign, before and after the Communists Party (CCP) took over. British officials gave awards to leading members of the CCP, even while maintaining "official" diplomatic relations with dissident elements, like Chiang Kai-shek and the Kuomintang.
The B'nai B'rith effectively merged its operations with another branch of the Scottish rite (freemasons), based in the Midwest and South of the USA — the Knights of the Golden Circle, the forerunner of the Ku Klux Klan.
On 6 January 1920, Britain declared its opium war against the USA – the prohibition. The British, through their distilleries in Scotland and Canada, and opium refineries in Shanghai and Hong Kong, were the suppliers.
The drugs from the Far East are distributed into the USA through the British colony Canada.
Each of the 5 Canadian money laundering banks has at least 1 Knight of Malta on its board. The Canadian Imperial Bank and the Bank of Nova Scotia are directed by 3 Knights of Malta each.
US Labor Party investigating team - Kalimtgis, Goldman, and Steinberg - “Dope Inc. – Britain’s opium war against the U.S.
” (1978): http://exopolitics.blogs.com/files/dope-...e-1978.pdf
Hans Derks – History of the opium problem
The Kingdom of the Netherlands, including the House of Orange, has played an important role of in the drug game (even before the British EIC and the opium wars against China)...
I’ve read a relatively short book in Dutch on the VOC, Royal NHM and the House of Orange as opium lords; Hans Derks – Verslaafd aan opium; De VOC en het Huis van Oranje als drugsdealers
What it lacks in length it more than makes up in shock value! It is really an excellent summary of a much longer book by Hans Derks.
Should I be as “proud” as Hans Derks of the pioneering role the Dutch colonial Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) played in getting the world hooked on drugs?
Arab Muslims were the first to trade hallucinogenic products, including opium, for medical purposes (including for anesthesia).
The Portuguese that controlled Goa learned about opium from the Arabs, but never made it into a mass products (the fools!) and until the 16th-century opium was never a real problem.
The Dutch Jan Huyghen van Linschoten
(1563-1611), while serving as the Protestant Archbishop in Goa, copied secret Portuguese nautical maps that enabled the British East India Company (EIC) and Dutch VOC to take over the Portuguese monopoly on trade with the East Indies.
Van Linschoten, together with his friend Paludanus, published a bestseller in 1598, also translated to English, that included information on opium (called “amphioen” or “taryak” at that time).
At first the Dutch continued to trade in opium, starting at the latest in 1620
, at the relatively small scale of the Portuguese until 1660. It is estimated that between 1640 and 1652, Batavia received only some 250 kilogram of opium annually from Surat.
In 1642, the VOC obtained a monopoly from the Sultan to import opium, while the population of the Sultanate was obliged to maintain a fixed number of pepper plants. Around this time VOC officials had the great idea to trade opium for pepper - the East India product with the highest priority until the 19th-century.
The VOC labelled their monopoly an “octroy”, which was defended by military force. The VOC introduced a passport system and if others were caught “smuggling” these goods (opium, spices, tin and cloth), they were confiscated and the “smuggler” severely punished.
In 1663, the VOC started trafficking opium as a mass product
in the Malabar coastal region. VOC officials were also involved in some private opium selling. In 1676 the VOC got the exclusive opium import rights in Mataram, in 1678 in Cheribon and a bit later in Bantam (before the British EIC).
In the second part of the 17th century (the “Gouden eeuw”), the Dutch exported Bengal opium not only to the Malabar coast, but also to Southeast Asia (Malacca, Manila, Arakan or the East Indies archipelago), Ceylon, Maldive Islands, Gujarat (Surat, Cambay) and the Persian Gulf/Red Sea (Bandar Abbas, Hormuz or Jeddah). Bengal opium was the VOC’s second-largest profit-maker after raw silk.
This led directly to war and from 1680 to 1740 the amount of junkies coming to Batavia doubled from 10 to 20 per year.
According to official statistics, in 1667 the VOC exported only 1,173 kg; 1675 - 13,322 kg; 1691 - 43,500 kg; 1703 - 60,290 kg; and by the year 1715 - 79,968 kg
The whole of the 17th-century export to the East Indies from Bengal is estimated at 1.1 million kilograms; this rose to some 5.5 to 6.3 million kilograms in the 18th-century.
The new important man in the VOC opium game was Jacob Mossel
(1704-1761). After he arrived in Batavia, the opium profits suddenly trebled from 512,000 to 1,415,00 guilders. After this succes, Mossel was chosen as the successor of Governor-General Van Imhofff, and established the Amphioen Society
(AS, amphioen was another name for opium) in 1745 that was active until 1794.
Mossel took 40 shares AS for himself. To have been able to buy these shares, he must have “earned” an amazing 160,000 guilders in only 2 years (since he arrived in Batavia) that could only have come from opium. Jacob Cool (the “Court Jew of Van Imhofff”) originally possessed 30 AS shares, but had to leave 10 to his “favorites”.
To exploit the opium to the utmost, the AS introduced a lease on smoking prepared opium (madat) in districts outside Batavia at the end of 1746. But the opium income actually decreased, because corruption increased.
The AS became the “society” that made all the profits, while the VOC did all the work. The VOC-colonial state remained responsible for the import of opium and the military security in the whole archipelago at the cost of the “taxpayer”. The AS received the opium from the VOC for 1125 guilders per chest and could sell it for 1375 guilders (a profit of more than 22%)...
Most of the wealthy AS shareholders lived in the Netherlands.
An important participant in the Amphioen Society was “stadhouder” Willem IV
, who had become a Knight of the Garter in 1733 (and called himself Prince of Orange), who acquired 30 shares AS in 1748. He was promised that by taking this share, in 1755 he would already be 200,000 guilders richer, when the octroy of the AS expired.
Every time the octroy was renewed, Willem IV and his “stadhouder” successor, Willem V
, would receive an enormous amount of opium money, e.g. 1.2 million guilders in 1795. All shareholders together pocketed a total of about 13 million guilders; an amount comparable to a present value of about a billion guilders. Willem V made a fortune through the Amphioen Society.
See Willem V, who after being born in 1748, became a Knight of the Garter in 1752.
Because of this remarkable construction, the VOC got weaker. This was followed by the Dutch–English war in 1795, in which Ceylon was lost and the Napoleonic wars in which the Netheralands lost its independence. There was even a large opium debt owed to the EIC and the British easily conquered Java and took over the rest of the East Indian archipelago.
To avoid a transfer into British hands, the Dutch government took over all the VOC shares (a nationalisation of the private VOC) at the cost of the taxpayer.
Another interesting opium family are the Van Hogendorps. The patriarch Willem van Hogendorp
(1735-1784) first lost his fortune through investments in the EIC. He then went to the East Indies with his own ship and made a substantial fortune by “officially” smuggling opium. On his return trip to a retire in Holland, he drowned near the Cape of Good Hope because he had overloaded the ship with too much gold on board.
In 1802, Willem V made a deal with Napoleon after he escaped to England.
During the French occupation, Governor-General Daendels
(1808-1811) rationalised the distribution of opium and tried to stimulate its consumption by establishing government opium dens. The opium income of the state multiplied nearly 10 times in 1804 and more than doubled in less than 2 years (1809-1810).
Willem’s second son, Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp
(1762-1834), became a lawyer and a real “hero” of the Dutch monarchy. After the planned defeat of Napoleon, in 1813 Gijsbert Karel and 2 associates staged a coup to establish the Dutch kingdom with Willem VI crowned King Willem I
, who had become a Knight of the Garter in 1814, and Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp as his prime minister.
Often overlooked in this “heroic tale” is that Willem’s eldest son, Dirk van Hogendorp
, ultimately became a general in Napoleon’s army. Dirk even appears in Napoleon’s testament!
In 1824, King Willem I founded the Koninklijke Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappij
, NHM (Royal Dutch Trading Company) to take over the looting role of the Amphioen Society. Willem I explained about the NHM:
Quote:… its aim is to integrate all branches of industrious activities into one whole, of which the NHM is the nucleus; the Chambers of Commerce, the factories and the agricultural committees are the main branches of this whole …
The Dutch taxpayer had to guarantee a net profit to the NHM of 300,000 guilders annually. King Willem I bought 4 million shares, but was the only one to take his money back quickly, and doubled his investment within 13 years. He also took out 1.3 million too much from the NHM in 1830.
While the NHM initially made a profit of 37 million per year, in a few years’ time only 24 million were left.
The Royal NHM was the state opium dealer for a lease of only 2.6 – 3 million guilders annually and 2/7th of the net profit. From 1847-1849 the total opium income of the Dutch colonial state was 6.7, 6.5 and 6 million guilders respectively. The NHM even reached into China, the largest market for opium. By the 1850s, the opium income constituted 16.8% of the revenue collected in the Indies. Between 1860 and 1910 this level was more or less maintained at an average of 15%.
The NHM under a lucrative contract could also buy other goods (including meat, wheat and flour) and sell them for a profit of 16%.
Until 1921, the head of state King/Queen got a weekly report from the President of the NHM. Later the NHM evolved into the ABN Bank, now part of ABN Amro Bank that still has a warm relationship with the Dutch Royal family.
In 1827, the Netherlands concluded a contract with the Chinese captain Tan Hang Kwee to start tin mining on Billiton, starting with 300 laborers. The Chinese miners were kept enslaved by opium. The House of Orange not only made money from the tin but also from the opium. The Chinese sub-farmer had to buy a fixed quantity of opium every month for much higher than market prices.
In 1852, Prince Hendrik
(1820-1879), brother of King Willem III, wanted to invest in the tin mines on Biliton to found the private Billiton Mining Company (BM)
. John Loudon became Hendrik´s representative. The stupidity of the greedy House of Orange is unbelievable since they already had the highly rewarding 1827 contract from which at least a profit of 100,000 guilders per year would be gained from the Chinese labor.
Many Chinese miners died, in the months of February and March 1860 alone, some 700 Chinese miners died, mainly from beriberi (caused by thiamine deficiency).
In 1884 the Dutch journal for the medical profession was very positive about cocaine with an estimated price of 9,000 Dutch guilders per kilo. The Netherlands started coca plantations on Java
A quick calculation shows that this leads to an annual turnover of 1.53 billion Dutch guilders!
In 1898, the German Bayer Pharmaceutical Products
also produced heroine.
Parallel to the Opium Factory, a Cocaine Factory was established. In 1900, in Amsterdam the Nederlandsche Cocaïne Fabriek (NCF)
was founded by the Koloniale Bank in which the Royal NHM owned a stake.
The NCF became the largest cocaine factory in the world. It even expanded to other products like codeine, benzedrine (amphetamine), efedrine, and developed the fully synthetic cocaine, novocaine. From 1932 onwards, the NCF also processed raw opium into morphine. Around that time several South American countries became large producers of coca leaves.
During the Anglo-American-Dutch funded Nazi occupation in World War II, the NCF received 165 tons of raw opium for free, and it could charge its processing costs to the state. The NCF realised fabulous profits on its morphine during the war. Soon after the war AKZO Nobel bought the company for an undisclosed amount. How much loot went to Queen Wilhelmina?
The performance of this cocaine industry impressed Merck USA so much that it started its own coca plantation on Java with great success in the 1930s.
The American John Cushing, employed in his uncles’ James and Thomas H. Perkins Company of Boston, acquired his wealth from smuggling Turkish opium to Canton (1812). In 1830, the Perkins Company merged with Russell and Co of the grandfather of President Franklin Roosevelt
that was “the third-largest opium dealer on the China coast”. In one of those strange coincidences, the Van Rosenvelt family had first come to America from the Netherlands between 1638 and 1649.
Hans Derks – History of the opium problem. The assault on the East, ca. 1600 – 1950
(2012), 39.5 MB: http://www.oapen.org/search?identifier=1000347
Coleman - Drug War Against America
Here’s my summary on a book by John Coleman on this topic.
Like “Dope Inc.”, Coleman points the fingers at the Anglo-Dutch bankers and concludes that since the seventeenth century the whole drugs industry is controlled by the English Royal family.
Coleman worked as an assistant administrator for operations for the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), and was involved in the capture of Pablo Escobar. So maybe it isn’t surprising that John Coleman puts the blame on forces outside the US government and bases his story on information from the DEA.
The first 20 pages of the Coleman book are (almost) ridiculous with the claim that the British music invasion, led by the Beatles and Rolling Stones, was designed to get the USA hooked on drugs and a call for draconian laws; according to Coleman: “Addicts caught smoking or ingesting dope should be tried by a special court and if found guilty, sent to a correction camp in the middle of the Mojave desert with the minimum of human comforts
But then again, there are obvious ties between some of the most famous musicians of the 1960s and the MKULTRA project that involved psychedelic drugs.
LONDON RUNS THE DRUG GAME
The drugs trade really began in 1652. The British East India Company, on whose board of directors sat the holiest of the British aristocracy, had the monopoly on the opium trade to China. Almost 13% of the income of India under British rule was from the sale of opium to Chinese addicts.
When some investigators arrived in China to investigate the opium trade allegations made in England, their British passports were promptly revoked by magistrates of East India Company. Officially China passed a law (the Yung Cheng Edict of 1729) prohibiting the importation of opium. The British East India Company could export without hindrances at least up until 1753.
During Queen Victoria's reign, 15 Members of Parliament in England controlled the drugs trade; they included Lord Chamberlain, Sir Charles Barry and Lord Palmerston. Like the opium trade to China, the drug trade in the Caribbean, Central and South America, the Middle and Far East, became a British monopoly.
America and England are run by 300 families that are all intertwined through companies, banks and marriages, and ties to the Black Nobility. The elite of this world - the "royal" and "noble" families of Europe and the "best" families of America and Canada are in charge of drugs. Because it goes to the highest echelons of power; drugs won’t be eradicated. The British "Blue Blood" families made their fortunes by shipping opium from Afghanistan and Pakistan to China. Queen Elizabeth Guelph is not only the Queen of the British Empire, but also of the drugs business.
As far back as 1931, the heads of the drugs companies and banks were made peers. The Queen of England herself extended special protection to the big 5 drug trade companies in England.
Lord Halifax, Britain's Ambassador to Washington, took control of US foreign policy prior to and during WW II. His son, Charles Wood, married Miss Primrose, a blood relative of the House of Rothschild. What Britain dictates, America carries out.
In 1930, British capital invested in South America greatly exceeded its total investment in the so-called dominions. Mr. Graham, said that British investments in South America "exceeded one trillion pounds". The reason why Britain invested so much in South America is in one word: DRUGS.
LSD is manufactured by the Swiss Oligarchy-Black Nobility family - Hoffman LaRoche.
MAKING MONEY – GOLD, HONGSHANG, BANKS
In 2003 the International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimated global money laundering between 590 billion and 1.5 trillion dollars a year, representing 2-5% of the global GDP. A large share of money laundering is linked to the narcotics trade. According to the Independent of February 29, 2004: drug trafficking is the third biggest global commodity in cash terms after oil and the arms trade
Opium produces 64% of the Gross Domestic Product of China.
Labour and raw material is so cheap that profits of up to 5000% can be made in producing cocaine.
Drugs are traded with gold. To facilitate this, Credit Suisse sells 1 kilo of pure gold bars. The world price of gold is "fixed" every day at the offices of N.M. Rothschild, St. Swithins Court, London. The price of gold is strongly connected to the price of opium.
Offshore banks that are known launderers of drug money are often affiliated with the Royal Institute for International Affairs (RIIA). Here is a list of countries where they are located: Singapore, Bahamas, Antigua, Antilles, Bermuda, Trinidad, Caymans, and Panama.
A company called Tejapaibul banks, with Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank (known as the Hongshang Bank), with a large office in London is in the middle of the drugs business. Some of the banks involved in money laundering for drugs: Credit Suisse; The Royal Bank of Canada; Banconacional de Panama; National Westminster Bank; Barclays Bank.
Credit Suisse in Geneva and First National Bank of Boston were caught red handed laundering dope money. Some 1200 separate indictments were brought against First National, the Justice Department combined these into a single charge. First National was given a symbolic $500 fine and Credit Suisse wasn’t even pursued by the Justice Department or the Treasury. Credit Suisse remains one of the largest dope money laundering banks after American Express — the "untouchables" of banking.
AFGHANISTAN BARAKZAI DYNASTY
Long before the Taliban were brought to power in Afghanistan, it was growing opium on a massive scale. From 1747 to 1929, it was ruled by the Barakzai Dynasty, which controlled the opium trade for at least 150 years. When the Taliban were overthrown, they made a member of the clan, Hamid Barakzai, the head of Afghanistan.
President Hamid Karzai had actually collaborated with the Taliban before. Since the mid-1990s, Karzai was a consultant and lobbyist for the US oil company, UNOCAL, and negotiated with the Taliban.
In 2001 an estimated 7606 tons of opium poppy was produced in Afghanistan; in 2007 with 88,000 tons production was almost back at the record level of 90,983 tons in 1999. According to the UNODC, in 2003, opium in Afghanistan generated $1 billion for farmers and $1.3 billion for traffickers.
COLUMBIA & BOLIVIA – IMF & BIS
The IMF and the Bank of International Settlement (BIS) are clearinghouses for the drug trade.
The drug barons in Columbia and Bolivia received every possible help from the IMF. All of the economic plans by the government were rejected by the IMF to help drugs take over the economy.
Roberto Suarez, a former dictator and friend of the Bolivian Mafiosi, was helped to power by the IMF. Suarez had to enforce the brutal conditions imposed on Bolivia by the IMF, which resulted in many Bolivians dying of starvation in the months that followed - in accordance with Global 2000.
Then a flood of cocaine began pouring into the USA. Somehow the money never goes back to Colombia, but most of it finishes up in the vaults of Swiss banks. We’re oh so happy with the Swiss banks secrecy...
PANAMA – IMF
The banking structure in Panama was set up by Nicolas Ardito Barletta. Barletta formerly ran the Marine and Midland Bank, which was taken over by the drug banker's Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank. While Panama banks control the cocaine trade, the opium/heroin trade is controlled from Hong Kong.
In 1982 the Treasury Department stated that Banco National de Panama had become the main clearinghouse for drug dollars with a six-fold increase in cash flow from 1980 to 1988.
Henry Kissinger and the US State Department promoted General Paredes as a "Panama nationalist, a staunch anti-Communist friend of America", in reality Parades had long-standing ties to Fidel Castro. Paredes took command of the National Guard and supported Kissinger's Andean Plan to turn Central America into another war area for the US military. Parades sabotaged Contadora's efforts to reach a peaceful solution to the problems in the region.
The IMF blackmailed Panama by threatening that the preliminary agreement to restructure Panama's $320 million debt might be cancelled if they wouldn’t follow orders. General Noriega told the Panamanian people on national television on 22 March 1986, that the IMF is strangling Panama.
Roberto Eisenmann accused Noriega of destroying Panama's economy, and even of being involved in the cocaine trade, when in fact Eisenmann worked closely with the Colombian cocaine barons.
President George H.W. Bush had a meeting with the Panamanian "opposition forces," the Panamanian Democratic Opposition Civic Alliance, with ties to banks in Panama and Florida that launder drugs money. Its leader, Guillermo Endara, on television called for the assassination of Noriega. Naturally Ted Turner’s CNN supported the campaign to get rid of Noriega. Bush declared the drug-tainted Civic Alliance the "official government of Panama". They were "sworn in" on a US military base.
Noriega was kidnapped by a 7000 strong military contingent and brought to Miami to stand trial as a major "drug dealer". On November 16, 1990, Noriega made the following statement in court:
Quote:I am now at the mercy of a totally unfair, unjust system, which chooses my prosecutors, and now chooses my defense attorney.
In 2009, drugs are flowing more freely than ever from Panama; and drug money laundering banks operate in ever more freedom.
CENTRAL AMERICA & CARIBBEANS
The plan for the Caribbean Islands drug trade came from David Rockefeller and was called the "Caribbean Basin Initiative". Members of the consortium were Fidel Castro, David Rockefeller, Henry Kissinger and the IMF, plus a number of major banks and the US State Department.
Fidel Castro got a dope empire worth more than $35 billion a year.
The IMF demands that Latin America grows "cash crops" - marijuana and cocaine - to meet international debt obligations. The IMF encouraged several countries, including Jamaica and Guyana, to grow drugs. The IMF's position is on record; the Colombian office of the IMF stated openly that marijuana and cocaine are crops just like any other crops.
TIR – DRUGS TRAFFICKING IN EUROPE
The trucks of Triangle International Routier (TIR) are loaded in Bulgaria and Turkey. They are not checked in Europe, because they are expected to be clean. TIR trucks are heavily involved in smuggling drugs in Europe.
In Bulgaria several banks are knowingly involved in laundering drugs money.
Kintex is a drug company run by the Bulgarian state.
John Coleman “Drug War Against America
Coleman - Conspirators' Hierarchy
Here’s another book by Dr. John Coleman; it’s about the “Committee of 300” but a large part is about drugs.
I have a hard time believing that the “Committee of 300” is an existing organisation, but most of the information presented in the book is still good and relevant to this thread.
In a top-secret paper of the Royal Institute of International Affairs
(RIIA), the plan is explained:
Quote:… having been failed by Christianity, and with unemployment on every hand, those who have been without jobs for five years or more will turn away from the church and seek solace in drugs. That is when full control of the drug-trade must be completed in order that the governments of all countries who are under our jurisdiction will have a MONOPOLY which we will control through supply…
Drug-bars will take care of the unruly and the discontent, would-be revolutionaries will be turned into harmless addicts with no will of their own…
The US is run by 300 families and Britain is run by 100 families. These families are intertwined through marriage, companies, and ties to the Black Nobility, Freemasonry, the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, etc.
This elite group are Gnostics, Cathars, members of the Cult of Dionysus, Osiris, Illuminism, and Bogomilism; and also calls itself the "Olympians".
The American elite grew wealthy from the China opium-trade: the Delanos, Forbes, Appletons, Bacons, Boylestons, Perkins, Russells, Cunninghams, Shaws, Coolidges, Parkmans, Runnewells, Cabots and Codmans. The Astors, Rockefellers, Spelmans, Vanderbilts and the Warburgs became rich from the liquor-trade.
The Oppenheimers of South Africa are higher in the world hierarchy than the Rockefellers.
Lord Beaverbrook, speaking for the Crown, came over from England to instruct these wealthy American families to invest in the WCTU.
Lord Halifax delivered The Committee of 300
orders to the British government during the Second World War. Halifax's son, Charles Wood, married a blood-relative of Lord Rothschild - Miss Primrose.
The BEIC-British government held the monopoly on the opium-trade, and made sure that only the elite of England benefitted. Many of their descendants became members of the The Committee of 300
(just as their forefathers sat on the Council of 300
that ran the BEIC).
The Matheson family was one of the "noble" families in the opium-trade. The Mathesons once loaned $300 million to China for real-estate investment; billed as a "joint-venture” between China and the Matheson Bank.
Almost 13% of the income of India under British rule came from the sale of Bengal opium to the British-controlled opium-distributors in China.
The Opium Wars
against China were designed to "put the Chinese in their place". The lucrative opium trade provided the British oligarchical families with billions, and left China with millions of opium-addicts.
In the period of 1791-1894, the number of licensed opium-dens in Shanghai rose from 87 to 663. Opium flow to the US was also increased.
The Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank
(headquartered in London) is in the middle of the opium trade through the TEJAPAIBUL company.
TEJAPAIBUL imports the chemicals needed in the heroin-refining-process into Hong Kong and it also supplies acetic anhydride to the Golden Crescent and Golden Triangle (Pakistan, Turkey and Lebanon). This is financed by the Bangkok Metropolitan Bank
Stopping the heroin trade is childishly simple. Just check the factories that make acetic anhydride, an essential chemical component to refine heroin from opium, and follow the trail!
The Committee of 300
controls the British colony Canada through the Governor-General appointed by the Queen. Trizec Holdings
, supposedly owned by the Bronfman family, is in reality the main Canadian asset of Queen Elizabeth. The Southeast Asian opium-trade is interlocked with the Bronfman-empire and traffics heroin to the US.
The Mary Carter Paint Company
was a joint Lansky-MI6 venture. Two Eagle Star
directors, top MI6 operatives Sir Kenneth Keith and Sir Kenneth Strong, took control of the Bronfman family shortly after WW II ended. Sirs Keith and Strong set up Trizec Holdings
, and legitimated the Bronfman family.
Lord Sassoon was later murdered because he was skimming money and threatened to blow the whistle. Ray Wolfe was more presentable, and became the representative for the Bronfmans.
Canada is in fact the most used route to traffic heroin from the Far-East to the US; a secret carefully hidden by The Committee of 300
The main countries involved in growing poppies (in 1992) and the coca-bush are: Burma, Northern China, Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, Thailand, Lebanon, Turkey, Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia. Colombia is the main refiner of cocaine and the chief financial-centre of the cocaine-trade.
Heroin is trafficked into Europe through Corsica and then Monaco.
The Grimaldi family has been in the drug-smuggling-business for centuries. Because Prince Rainier got too greedy: his wife, Princess Grace, was murdered in a car "accident". The order was given by the Committee Monte Carlo
and Propaganda Due
After Khomeini was put in power in Iran by the The Committee of 300
, opium-production skyrocketed. By 1984, Iran's opium production exceeded 650 metric tons of opium per year.
William Buckley began sending back damning reports to the CIA in Langley about the opium-trade in the Golden Crescent and Pakistan. The US Embassy in Islamabad was firebombed, but Buckley miraculously escaped.
After his cover was blown, Buckley was sent back to Beirut. William Buckley was then kidnapped by agents of The Committee of 300
and brutally tortured and murdered.
The trend in making huge profits out of drugs was carried over into the 1960s by such "legal" drug merchants as Sandoz (makers of LSD) and Hoffman la Roche
(manufacturers of Valium). The cost to manufacture Valium is $3 per kilo (2.2 pounds); and then sold for $20,000 per kilo. The consumer has to pay $50,000 per kilo Valium. Hoffman la Roche
also produces Vitamin C for less than 1 cent a kilo and sells it for a profit of 10,000%.
When a friend of Coleman blew the whistle on the crimes of Hoffman la Roche
, which had a monopoly, he was arrested and locked up in prison. His wife died in Switzerland of a reported “suicide”. He was eventually released to Britain – his life destroyed.
Jamaica's Gross National Product is mostly made up of sales of marijuana. The mechanism for the marijuana-trade was set up by David Rockefeller and Kissinger under the name – Caribbean Basin Initiative
After graduating from Vanderbilt University in 1917, William Yandell Elliot was drafted by the Rothschild-Warburg banking-network. Elliot was responsible for Henry Kissinger’s meteoric rise to power as chief US advisor to The Committee of 300
In 1952, Kissinger was prepared for his task at the Tavistock Institute
by R.V. Dicks. By the mid-1960s, Kissinger had proved his worth and was placed in charge of a small group consisting of James Schlesinger, Alexander Haig and Daniel Ellsberg. Cooperating with this group was the chief theoretician of the Institute of Policy Studies
Noam Chomsky. Haig, like Kissinger, had worked for General Kraemer. When Kissinger was installed as National Security Advisor, Haig became his deputy.
Ellsberg, Haig, and Kissinger orchestrated Watergate to oust President Nixon for disobeying orders. Haig was the White House leak known as "Deep Throat".
See Henry Kissinger, President Nixon, Gerald Ford and General Alexander Haig, Jr.; 13 October 1973 (7 weeks before Gerald Ford would be sworn in as Vice President).
The disruption of South America and the US was a special assignment for Kissinger under the guidance of Lord Carrington (a top-ranking member of The Committee of 300
Also involved were John Graham (a.k.a. Irwin Suall) of the Anti-Defamation League
(ADL). The ADL is effectively a British intelligence-operation. Suall is still (in 1992) a member of the super-secret British SIS.
Another important co-conspirator was Philip Agee, the so-called CIA "defector", not a member of the Committee, but its case officer for Mexico.
The Assassination Bureau in Europe and the US for The Committee of 300
, to carryout high-level assassinations, is absolutely real. A second assassination-bureau is located in Switzerland.
The Bank of International Settlements
and the IMF are basically clearing-houses for the drug-trade. The BIS helps the IMF make any country collapse by letting capital flow out of the country.
The BIS does it best to not “recognise” nor make any distinction between flight-capital and laundered drug-money.
Dr. John Coleman – Conspirators' Hierarchy: The Story of the Committee of 300
Dutch Cocaine Factory
The Nederlandsche Cocaïnefabriek (NCF), Dutch Cocaine Factory, was established In Amsterdam by the Koloniale Bank (Colonial Bank) on 12 March 1900. The NCF legally produced drugs until the early 1960s – cocaine, morphine, heroin and novocaine. The coca plants came from the Dutch East Indies.
In 1902 the factory on the Schinkelkade was expanded. Around 1909 a new cocaine factory was built at the Duivendrechtsekade, which was gradually expanded.
The NCF initially benefited from the First World War because major competitor Merck from Germany no longer had access to some markets and had diffulty getting the raw material.
Even though the “neutral” Netherlands claimed an export ban for medicines during the First World War, the NCF received an exemption for this and made a huge profit. Later in the war, the NCF had problems keeping their profits at the same high level because of the war.
The NCF sold cocaine to Burroughs Wellcome that sold it to British soldiers to turn them into addicted “fighting machines”.
Burroughs Wellcome sold cocaine in pills with the name Forced March since 1890.
The Dutch Opium Act of 1919 prohibitted the production of cocaine, except by licensed companies. This was even more restricted by the Opium Act in 1928.
This gave the NCF an advantage, because it simply got the permission to produce cocaine, and other drugs, legally (for medical purposes).
During WW II, the NCF also sold amphetamines for German soldiers.
In 1963, the NCF was taken over by Koninklijke Zwanenberg Organon (KZO) from Apeldoorn. This meant the end of the NCF as an independent company: https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/xdvnd...nufacturer
(archived here: http://archive.is/EZD5e
The story of the NCF finally got some publicity after Conny Braam researched this not widely known history and published a novel on it, also translated into English – The cocaine salesman
(2009). After that she gave interviews to boost the sale of her book.
According to Braam, between 1914 and 1918 the NCF exported an average of 30,000 kilos of cocaine annually.
See the following interview in Dutch, with English subtitles.
In my opinion, the most interesting part of the video is that Braam tells about the involvement of the Dutch Royal family and Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappij (NHM), controlled by Queen Wilhelminan, and also tells that the Dutch Royal family had been in the opium trade...
After this interview, Conny Braam was discredited in the wonderful Dutch media, over supposedly making false claims.
I’ve tried to find better information on the Nederlandsche Cocainefabriek (NCF), Dutch Cocaine Factory, than Conny Braam, who wrote a novel on it, but didn’t find any.
Hans Bosman was given a PhD in 2012 for the report to discredit Braam’s research.
Bosman presents tables and figures, with estimated numbers, to “prove” once and for all that the NCF was never the largest cocaine producer in the world. According to Bosman the NCF, with 2 locations where factories were built (in 1900 in Amsterdam and in 1909 in Ouder-Amstel), from 1910 to 1917 could produce a maximum of 750 and after that 1,500 kg of cocaine per year.
In 1931, the drugs factory at the Duivendrechtsekade was expanded to produce a a maximum of 5 kg morphine and codeine per day (more than 1800 kg/ year).
It´s amazing how Bosman could present information on this interesting topic, in such a boring way!
Bosman is really, really independent, as he was a manager reponsible for the production of hard drugs at both the NCF and Verenigde Pharmaceutische Fabrieken N.V. (VPF, the company that was previously named Bonnema) from 1960 to 1973.
From the late 1880s onwards, the coca plant was cultivated on a commercial scale on Java.
By 1908, Java had taken over from Peru as the larges coca producer in the world (respectively 4,500 and 4,400 kg in 1908).
By 1913, Java produced 14,500 kg per year (compared to 4,100 kg in Peru).
See the origins for the cocaine manufactured worldwide, 1892-1930.
Most of the Java coca was exported to and sold in Amsterdam.
Then Bosman argues with estimated numbers that the biggest cocaine producing countries in the world were Germany (60% of the world cocaine) and the USA (ca 25%).
According to Bosman, the German Merck, Darmstadt, produced an average of almost 7,000 kg annually in 1912-1914 and 1,700 kg in 1918. In 1915 and 1916 Merck produced less than 750 kg, which Bosman “ignores” in his text.
Interesting to note is that the recipe for the world famous Coca Cola, from it inception in 1886 to 1903 included coca leaves (the raw material to produce cocaine).
In November 1909, the Koloniale Bank acquired 84% of the shares of the Soekamadjoe plantation on Java, where the coca for the NCF was cultivated.
Hans Bosman does present information on the shareholders and board of directors of the NCF, but sadly missing is this type of information of its parent company - the Koloniale Bank. Bosman doesn´t even mention that the Queen Wilhelmina controlled Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappij owned a stake in the Koloniale Bank. In 1949, the Koloniale Bank N.V. changed its name to Cultuur- Handel- en Industrie-Bank (Cultuurbank) N.V.
The Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappij is only mentioned once, on the Board of the Coca Producers Association (Coca Producenten Vereniging, CPV) that was established on 7 October 1925 (that also included the Koloniale Bank).
In 1931, the Dutch government tried and failed to get a cocaine monopoly for the NCF through a quota plan under supervision of the League of Nations.
The profit achieved by NCF was excellent as a percentage of the NLG 12,000 shareholders capital.
In 1902-1908, its profit margin was a whopping 41%
In 1910-1914, its profit margin was a respectable 20%
In 1915-1920, World War I and its aftermath, its profit margin was close to 100%!
In 1928, its profit margin was at an all time high.
In 1939, NCF profit jumped because of World War II. In 1943, the Nazi government made a policy to boost the profits of the NCF.
As the paper by Bosman is filled with estimates I found it interesting to look at how he did this (to conclude that the NCF was worldwide a relatively small cocaine producer).
He estimates the quantities of cocaine sold by NCF for the period 1902-1930, by taking the profits made and by including sales volume and prices, manufacturing costs and overheads, determined the amount.
This would only be reliable if there was no creative bookkeeping or some intermediary company that made even more profit than the NCF.
This becomes even more doubtful, as Bosman admits that no data are available for the quantity of coca leaves shipped to NCF in the period 1902-1908.
One of the strange thing in the numbers presented, is that Bosman assumes that tonnes of coca leaves were stocked in Amsterdam (instead of made into cocaine).
In the early 1960s both NCF and VPF became part of the multinational Koninklijke Zwanenberg Organon (KZO), later Akzo (now Akzo Nobel), that produced opiates under the name Diosynth.
From 1960 on, Turkey became the main source of poppy straw, the raw material for VPF’s opiate business. When Turkey, in 1972 abandoned poppy cultivation, until 1976 Diosynth couldn´t buy sufficient raw material.
It takes until the Appendix before Bosman explicitely attacks Conny Braam´s book. It´s dubious at best in a report to become PhD to attack a “novel” for no other reason than the adverse publicity. As Braam founded what she said on sources, in my opinion Bosman should have attacked the sources instead of Braam.
One of the claims by Braam is that in WW II the NCF sold amphetamine to the German army. Bosman states with authority that the NCF never manufactured amphetamine. Bosman does admit that starting in 1937, the NCF produced racemic ephedrine (that is similar to amphetamine).
He doesn´t explicitelt mention whether the NCF sold racemic ephedrine to the German army...
Hans Bosman – The History of the Nederlandsche Cocaïne Fabriek and its Successors as Manufacturers of Narcotic Drugs, analysed from an International Perspective
Peter Dale Scott - Drugs, Oil, and War: The United States
Here’s a (first) book by Peter Dale Scott in which he argues that the US uses drugs profits to fund oil wars.
Peter Dale Scott does mention that the British, the French, and the Dutch-used drugs as a cheap way to pay for overseas expansion. But he intentionally “forgets” to mention that these countries are still major players in the international drug trade. I think Dale Scott does this intentionally to hide the crimes against humanity by the British Empire.
WAR FOR OIL
The short-term effect of oil investments from the USA is to increase corruption and dictatorship. From Iran in 1953, to Indonesia in 1965 and Ghana in 1966; the CIA overthrew governments that threatened to nationalise their oil industry.
In the half century since the Korean War the USA waged 4 major wars in the Third World: Vietnam (1961-1975), the Persian Gulf (1990-1991), Colombia (1991-present), and Afghanistan (2001-2002) – written shortly before the invasion of Iraq in 2003. These wars were in or near oil-producing areas. All 4 relied on major drug trafficking proxies. The USA trains, arms, and finances drug-trafficking allies to secure oil resources abroad, which caused a huge increase in global drug trafficking since WW II.
So-called US aid programs usually spend 90% of the budget on military. According to US Ambassador Robert White:
Quote:If you put over 90 cents of your foreign policy dollar into the Pentagon and the CIA, then your policy is going to emphasize a military approach, a secretive, under the [table] approach, to the problem.
AIR AMERICA, BBCI
An important role in the drug trade was played by the quasi-autonomous Civil Air Transport (later named Air America). Most Air America planes carried drugs, and were jointly owned and operated by Kuomintang (KMT) Chinese and the CIA. In Air America’s wake a number of outsourced, nominally private corporations were founded, such as DynCorp.
Paul Helliwell, the OSS-veteran and eventual CIA officer, was involved with Meyer Lansky’s bank in Miami, Civil Air Transport (CAT), and a succession of banks with CIA and mob ties: Castle Bank of the Bahamas, World Finance Corporation, Nugan Hand Bank (Australia), and Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI). These banks were used to launder money for CIA and mob. George Olmsted’s (from Washington) Financial General Bank was also involved and eventually taken over by BCCI.
CIA Directors George H.W. Bush and William Casey were linked to BCCI, at least since 1976. Also the Bank of England participated in a cover-up of BCCI’s criminality.
BURMA/LAOS - KMT
Starting in 1949-1950 the CIA shipped arms and supplies to the KMT drug network in Burma. In February 1951, CAT planes delivered arms and took KMT’s opium for the return flight. Thanks to KMT warlords and CAT, opium production in Burma increased fivefold in less than a decade - from 80 to 400 tons a year.
This evolved into the larger program of support for the opium-growing Hmong tribesmen in northeast Laos. The US government made sure that drug-trafficking (mainly opium) and triads remained under KMT control.
In July-August 1959 they arranged a phony Laotian crisis of to have an official White House sanction for a continuous Air America airlift to Laos; amongst others to Hmong (Meo) camps in northeast Laos. Most of the opium and heroin ended up in traditional KMT networks through Hong Kong to the USA.
Opium production soared over 2 decades of CIA-KMT meddling in Burma and Laos, and then plummeted in 1975 after the USA withdrew from the region. According to the US Bureau of Narcotics in 1970 the annual opium production was between 1,250 and 1,400 tons, more than half of it coming from the Golden Triangle of Burma, Laos, and Thailand.
The CIA with Saudi intelligence started collaborating with Islamists like Bin Laden at the beginning of the 1970s, and backed the Muslim Brotherhood and its allies. The Golden Crescent along the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan, went from 400 tons of heroin in 1971 to 1,200 tons in 1978. Before 1979 almost no heroin from this area reached the USA, but it supplied 60% of US heroin through the 1980s.
In April and May 1979 the USA armed mujahedin guerrillas in Afghanistan, amongst whom Gulbuddin Hekmatyar - a known drug trafficker with heroin refineries. During the Afghan resistance to the Soviet Union in the 1980s, Bin Laden was the financier and logistics expert for the Saudi-financed Makhtab al-Khidamat, an organisation that recruited volunteers from all over the world. Bin Laden made commission on the transactions, which were laundered by the Russian Mafia.
In the 1980s Global International Airways (of Farhad Azima) delivered arms to Afghanistan, taking narcotics back. Also Global International Airways (Kansas City), which was reportedly founded with money from BBCI, was involved in the arms for drugs pipeline.
By the mid-1980s processing and exporting heroin had created a black economy in Pakistan of about $8 billion - half the size of the official economy - and Pakistan’s military administration was evolving into a full-blown narco-government.
In 1999 the United Nations estimated the yearly opium production of Afghanistan at 4,600 tons; 70% of the world’s crop (7,000 tons). The heroin was trafficked by the mujahedin that had been supported by the CIA.
In July 2000 Mullah Mohammad Omar leader of the Taliban imposed a ban on opium: resulting in some 70% of the world’s opium production being wiped out virtually at a stroke. The CIA switched their alliance to another drug proxy the Northern Alliance, who trebled their opium output in 2000 in northeast Afghanistan. The Northern Alliance helped in the war “against” Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda.
After Occidental Oil discovered the Caiio Limon oilfield in 1983, by 1984 he USA were present in Colombia. A US security firm working for Occidental Petroleum participated in a Colombian army military operation that killed 18 civilians.
Before that already in 1977 Jet Avia had landed in Colombia with the Texan drug trafficker Jimmy Chagra; the plane was owned by Danny Ray Lasater. Lasater had ties with organised crime and made contributions to the campaigns of Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton and Kentucky Governor John Y. Brown, Jr.. Lasater was eventually convicted for cocaine distribution in Colombia.
The coca production in Colombia went from 3.8 to 12.3 thousand hectares between 1991 and 1999.
In 1993, while working for the Cali cartel, Carlos Castaiio collaborated with the CIA and the Colombian police to bring down the drug baron Pablo Escobar. Castaiio and brother were leaders of the Los Pepes death squad that killed members of Escobar’s organisation. Castaiio admitted in a television interview that 70% of the income for his group, the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), came from drugs.
In the 1990s Clinton’s drug czar, General Barry McCaffrey, blamed “narco-guerrillas” for the flood of cocaine that was in fact controlled by the Colombian government and right-wing paramilitaries.
One of the principal suppliers to the Mexican cartels is the Henao-Montoya organization with which Carlos Castaiio is affiliated.
In 2001 Colombian government sources estimated that 40% of Colombian cocaine exports were controlled by right-wing paramilitary warlords and allies. Meanwhile the amount controlled by the FARC, was estimated by the Colombian government at 2.5%. FARC was the target of the US “war on drugs”.
In Colombia the CIA used another airline - Southern Air Transport. In November 1998, a Colombian air force plane landed at Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport with a hidden cargo of 1600 pounds of cocaine.
Peter Dale Scott “Drugs, Oil, and War: The United States in Afghanistan, Columbia, and Indochina
” (2003) – 16 GB: https://ourrebellion.files.wordpress.com...-china.pdf
07-02-2019, 02:46 PM
(This post was last modified: 09-30-2020, 02:26 PM by Firestarter.)
Dale Scott - The Iran-Contra Connection
Here´s the second book by Peter Dale Scott on this topic (in my next post probably the third book of Dale Scott).
There isn’t a lot of information on drugs that I didn’t know yet (and there are better books on Iran-Contra). There is more information on weapons than on the drug trafficking by the Contras and the CIA. Iran-Contra was actually the cover/up...
South East Asia
Ex-Nazis became pilots in the 1950-52 supply operation of Civil Air Transport (later Air America) to opium-growing Chinese Nationalist (Kuomintang, or KMT) guerrilla forces in Thailand and Burma.
Air America planes flew opium out of areas controlled by Meo tribesmen in north-eastern Laos. In that Laotian war, the key players were: John Singlaub (in 1987, Chairman of WACL), Richard Secord, Theodore Shackley, Tom Clines, and Felix Rodriguez.
The Iran-contra network goes back to the Bay of Pigs invasion of 1961, or even before.
Cuban exiles, assets to the CIA, worked on assassinations, terrorist operations, and included the infamous Watergate burglaries. Rodriguez, Luis Posada, and their friend, Watergate burglar Eugenio Martinez, were members of Operation 40.
Some Cuban exiles were arrested in 1970 for narcotics dealing. In the early 1970s, law enforcement officials estimated that at least 8% of the Bay of Pigs army had been arrested for drug crimes.
Armando Lopez Estrada said that "on the instructions of a U.S. official in Costa Rica
" he recruited Bay of Pigs veterans to advise the contras.
Some terrorists financed their covert operations by trafficking marijuana, cocaine or heroin.
The staff of Sen. John Kerry linked Bay of Pigs veteran Frank Castro to the Contras.
WACL, CAL – P2
The Confederacion Anti-comunista Latinoamericana (CAL) of the World Anti-Communist League (WACL) was involved in drugs trafficking and terrorism.
While Oliver North was portrayed as THE architect of Iran-Contragate, in reality North was the junior of the “secret team” of John Singlaub, Richard Secord, Robert McFarlane and Eugene Hasenfus.
Reports linking WACL to drugs became particularly flagrant in the period 1976-80, when Carter was threatening to expose WACL.
When Stefano delle Chiaie was accused of ties to French Connection heroin merchants that relocated to Italy; the Italian magazine Panorama named CAL Chairman Suarez Mason as "one of Latin America's chief drug traffickers
Francesco Pazienza was a financial consultant of Roberto Calvi at Banco Ambrosiano. Pazienza was indicted in an Italian court for luring President Carter's brother Billy in a compromising relationship with Gaddafi during the 1980 presidential campaign. Ledeen was named as his co-conspirator.
Mario Genghini (a member of P2) was one of the biggest foreign investors in Nicaragua. In 1978, to avoid an investigation by the Bank of Italy, Calvi moved the centre of his international fraud to Nicaragua. One year later, as Somoza's position worsened, the operation was moved to Peru.
For more on Propaganda Due (P2): https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewtop...=31&t=1132
The CIA was involved in destabilising several Latin America countries using the secret police, including El Salvador, Paraguay, Chile, Argentina, Honduras and Nicaragua.
On 19 March 1981, less than two months after coming to office, the Reagan Administration asked Congress to lift the embargo on arms sales to Argentina. General Roberto Viola, one of the junta members responsible for the death squads, was welcomed to Washington in the spring of 1981 (in 1987, he had been sentenced to 17 years for his role in the "dirty war").
On 25 June 1982, Reagan's first Secretary of State, Alexander Haig, had to resign over the "dirty war" in Argentina and Israel's invasion of Lebanon.
US intelligence officers trained their South American counterparts in torture techniques.
Lau was orchestrating political killings in Honduras. Between 1981 and 1984, Lau, Argentine advisers, the contras and CIA-advised Honduran security systematically eliminated more than 200 Honduran “leftists”.
Peter Maas claimed that Ted Shackley's assistant Tom Clines, "even before he left the CIA...was promoting a deal with the Nicaraguan tyrant, Anastasio Somoza, to create a search-and-destroy apparatus against Somoza’s enemies
Arms from Shackley and Secord reached the Contras via the firm of the Cuban Rafael "Chi Chi" Quintero.
Secretary of State George Shultz and his chief assistant on Latin American affairs, Elliott Abrams, asked the Sultan of Brunei for a donation to the Contra cause. The sultan reportedly deposited $10 million in a Swiss bank account controlled by Oliver North. The deal involved billionaire arms dealer Adnan Khashoggi.
Kissinger wrote in his memoirs that he had envisioned an important role for Iran in the Middle East and South Asia.
In late May 1972, during a visit to Tehran, President Nixon and Kissinger offered the Shah unlimited access to America’s “conventional” weapons and support in fighting the Kurds. The Shah in turn guaranteed oil.
Chase Manhattan Bank’s chairman, David Rockefeller, was a long-time friend of the Shah and received huge payments from the National Iranian Oil Company. In the 1960s, Chase took a leading position in Iran. In 1972, it opened a merchant bank in London. By 1975, Chase was handling $2 billion a year in Iranian transactions.
Why did they orchestrate a coup in which the Shah was replaced by Ayatollah Khomeini?! The Shah complained about the corruption; that "the chicanery of Pentagon officials and their military and civilian representatives
" was "intolerable
General John Singlaub and Richard Secord flew to Iran with Reagan’s staff members Robert McFarlane and Oliver North in May 1986 for an arms deal.
The law suit against Richard Secord was settled out of court in 1983, after Michael Ledeen intervened. Ledeen has since confirmed that as a National Security Council consultant he helped set up the first contacts between Teheran and Washington on the arms deals.
Ayatollah Hussein Ali Montazeri once told reporters that former National Security Adviser Robert McFarlane had personally visited Iran to trade military spare parts for American hostages held in Beirut.
Israel was/is a major player in the arms trade. One out of 10 Israeli workers is employed in arms-related production. In 1975, arms exports represented 31% of Israel’s industrial exports and probably even more in 1987.
Israel supplied the new Khomeini regime with arms, even during the hostage drama.
Already in the 1950s, Mossad cooperated with the CIA in establishing the Shah's secret police, SAVAK.
David Kimche, director general of Israel's foreign ministry, discussed Israeli arms shipments worth tens of millions of dollars to "moderates" in Iran with Secretary of State Alexander Haig and his counsellor Robert McFarlane.
NSC consultant Michael Ledeen had close ties to Israel. In 1981, Ledeen was a founder of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs. His wife Barbara is an assistant in the Pentagon office of Stephen Bryen, who was investigated by the FBI in the late 1970s after it was reported that he passed secrets to Israel.
Israel was also arming and training the Contras. It has even been reported that the Israelis helped launch the contras soon after Somoza was overthrown, in 1979.
Oliver North testified that the idea of Iran-Contra had originated with David Kimche. The Times of London claimed that the Iran-Contra operation was first put forward by then Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres.
Ya'acov Nimrodi, who figured prominently in the arms-to-Iran dealings, also handled "shipments" of arms to the Contras, which were paid for with several million dollars, given by the Israeli government at the request of CIA Director Casey.
Both the Contras Mario Calero and Julio Montealegre (an aide of Adolfo Calero) spent time in Israel.
In 1985, Reagan Administration officials and members of Congress said that Israel had increased aid to the Contras, but denied that US foreign aid was funnelled through Tel Aviv, El Salvador or Honduras.
According to Rep. Jim Wright in one transaction, Iran paid the Israelis $19 million - $3 million of that went to the Pentagon, $4 million to arms brokers and $12 million went to the Swiss accounts for the contras. Please note that one top of that millions were made with the cocaine smuggled by the Contra network...
Also tens of millions were funnelled to the heroin producing, Afghan “guerrillas”.
Lyndon LaRouche and Ross Perot
Two politicians, that are considered adversaries of the Reagan/Bush crime syndicate, were also involved.
Lyndon LaRouche was employed by WerBell since 1977. Mitch WerBell had a long-time relationship with John Singlaub. In 1976, WerBell was indicted on drug smuggling charges.
It looks to me like Dale Scott and his ilk intentionally slander the name of LaRouche…
Dallas billionaire H. Ross Perot, owner of Electronic Data Systems, supplied private funds to help pay the ransom by NSC's Oliver North for American hostages held in Lebanon. He also bankrolled a former Special Forces colonel and veteran of White Star missions in Laos - Arthur Simons.
Perot “advised” President Carter's national security adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski on the 1980 embassy rescue mission.
Perot also played a role in supporting both "Bo" Gritz's POW searches in Laos and the rescue of Gen. James Dozier.
Peter Dale Scott, Jonathan Marshall, Jane Hunter – The Iran-Contra Connection: Secret Teams and Covert Operations in Reagan Era
Dale Scott – American War Machine: Deep Politics
Here’s the third book by Peter Dale Scott.
By overtly blaming the CIA for everything that’s wrong in the world, and calling the US “democracy” a failure, Dale Scott (a Canadian subject of Queen Elizabeth) implicitly paints a flattering pictures of (the dictatorships of) the Kingdoms of Britain, Netherlands and Spain. Dale Scott bizarrely claims that “Spain, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom have all shown post-imperial recoveries in which their societies are now a little more open and egalitarian than they were before
Maybe Dale Scott has never heard of the “Dutch disease”…
Dale Scott concludes that US banks are the main beneficiaries “of this recycling
” and that also laundered profits from drug trafficking have been “recycled” into American and Canadian real estate, notably in Florida and Nevada.
Earlier in the book he does mention that the money laundering Nugan Hand Bank was located in the British colony Australia, but claims controlled by the CIA.
Some of the most interesting in this thread is missing from the 300+ book …
The major drug money laundering HSBC bank doesn’t even appear in the book.
Diligence LLC’s connection to the Alfa Bank is mentioned. But unfortunately Dale Scott “forgot” about its connection to Nat Rothschild and that Alfa-Eko was caught smuggling narcotics: https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewtop...t=50#p4823
BBCI is repeatedly mentioned, but not its connections to the P2 affiliated Banco Nazionale del Lavoro (BNL), Henry Kissinger or George W. Bush’s Harken.
The role played by the US Department of Justice and Robert Mueller (FBI director from 2001 to 2013) in the cover-up is also “forgotten”…
Even though the book has a huge reference list…
Gary Webb’s book Dark alliance isn’t even referenced (there are references to articles by or about Webb though). Terry Reed and one of the major drug traffickers, Barry Seal, aren’t even named…
While I’m no fan of Dale Scott, there is still some interesting information in this book to add to this thread.
President Truman’s program that used drug proxies in Burma, Thailand and Burma principally involved 4 men: William Donovan; his British ally “Sir” William Stephenson; Paul Helliwell (organiser of the World Commerce Corporation (WCC)); and Willis Bird (the 3 Americans veterans of the OSS, the predecessor of the CIA).
After World War II, Stephenson’s WCC became active in Bangkok, and Stephenson himself established a strong personal relationship with King Rama IX.
Paul Helliwell became partners in crime with Meyer Lansky and other crime bosses. E.P. Barry became Helliwell’s banking partner in Florida. Barry had been the post-war head of OSS Counterintelligence in Vienna, which looted Nazi gold in Operation Safehaven.
In December 1947, the National Security Council (NSC) laundered over $10 million in stolen Axis funds that was used to influence the 1948 Italian election.
Two principal figures in the US who backed Gen. Claire Chennault, Paul Helliwell and Thomas Corcoran in re-establishing the KMT in China, were attorneys for the OSS-related insurance companies of C.V. Starr in the Far East. Starr, who had operated from Shanghai before the war, helped OSS China establish a worldwide network. The C.V. Starr companies later evolved into the massive AIG group.
Chennault was supported by Henry Luce of Time-Life and General MacArthur and his intelligence chief in Japan - Major General Charles Willoughby.
Paul Helliwell controlled the Castle Bank in the Bahamas that later evolved into the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI). These banks laundered money for the CIA and the mob.
Santo Trafficante became General Vang Pao’s biggest customer.
In late 1967, Shackley, with USAID, helped Vang Pao form his own private airline, Xieng Khouang Air Transport.
According to FBI records, in January 1968 Trafficante flew to Hong Kong to meet Frank Furci, who was involved in Mafia corruption of US army officers in Vietnam. He paused in Los Angeles to confer with John Roselli before travelling to Hong Kong, Singapore, and Bangkok. Soon after the trip, heroin from Hong Kong began reaching the US via the Caribbean and Chile. Roselli had previously collaborated on paramilitary operations with Shackley.
Ted Shackley, Richard Secord, and Tom Clines remained involved in drugs as a team. All 3 became major players in the drug-trafficking Nugan Hand Bank in Australia of Michael Hand, a former Green Beret in Laos under Shackley.
Richard Secord later created an airline that brought mujahedeen to Afghanistan to assist in the heroin production.
BCCI’s Pakistani president, Agha Hasan Abedi, financed Jimmy Carter’s treasury secretary, Bert Lance, to prevent his bankruptcy.
Recipients from BCCI money included Ronald Reagan’s treasury secretary, James Baker, and Senators Joseph Biden and Orrin Hatch, who all refused to investigate BCCI.
BCCI provided the initial infrastructure for the CIA intervention in Afghanistan in 1979. BBCI also helped set up the alliance with major drug trafficker Gulbeddin Hekmatyar. In the next decade, Hekmatyar received more CIA “aid” than any CIA asset before or since.
Apparently they gave him “aid” in return for tons of heroin…
Nugan Hand employed numerous former CIA officers and war veterans, including Bernie Houghton, who during the Vietnam War allegedly ferried cargo airplanes from Thailand, and former CIA Director William Colby.
Nugan Hand was also in business with Thomas Clines, a CIA officer in Laos with Vang Pao under Theodore Shackley.
The Nugan Hand Bank collapsed spectacularly in 1980 with the reported “suicide” of Frank Nugan.
Under the dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet, the Chilean army and secret police (DINA) exported tons of cocaine from Chile to Europe.
The terrorist activities by Stefano delle Chiaie and Michael Townley included the attack on the Leightons in Rome, which also involved a former CIA Cuban, Virgilio Paz Romero. Delle Chiaie and Townley were also involved in the murder in Buenos Aires of Chilean General Carlos Prats.
Townley once notified his DINA handler that another DINA assassin, Enrique Arrancibia (who assisted the CIA in the 1970 murder of Chilean General Schneider), travelled from Buenos Aires to California during the fall of 1977 on banking business for Delle Chiaie.
In 1996, near Susulruk, Turkey a car crashed.
In the wreckage were the bodies of a Member of Parliament, a former deputy police chief, a beauty queen, her lover, a heroin trafficker and a murderer named Abdullah Catli. They also found narcotics, thousands of US dollars, pistols with silencers and machine guns in the car.
Catli had 6 official identity documents, including a diplomatic “Green Passport”. One of the names in Catli’s passports, Mehmet Özbay, was an alias that, according to Lucy Komisar, was also in the passport of the Turkish shooter of Pope John Paul II, Mehmet Ali Ag’ca. Catli and Ag’ca were death squad members of the right-wing paramilitary organization - the Grey Wolves.
Citibank helped Raul Salinas (brother of former Mexican president Carlos Salinas) to transfer millions out of Mexico into secret Swiss bank accounts under false names.
In 2003, CIA-supported drug proxies in the Golden Triangle and Golden Crescent accounted for 95% of the estimated illicit opium production in metric tons. When we add Colombia and Mexico, where the CIA also worked with drug traffickers, the 4 areas combined accounted for 97.8% of the estimated product.
Peter Dale Scott – American War Machine: Deep Politics, the CIA Global Drug Connection, and the Road to Afghanistan
Anti-Defamation League (ADL)
I’ve read 2 similar books on the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) – this includes information on framing Lyndon LaRouche, drug trafficking, and the Bronfman family.
The ADL is one of many “secretive” groups involved in the drug trade. The ADL is a subsidiary of B'nai B'rith, which is controlled by British Intelligence and secret societies. So this trail (again) leads to London.
I’ll focus in this post on information that has a connection to drugs...
Framing Lyndon LaRouche – the Palme murder
Many of the guns that were sold through Sweden — with the collusion of Oliver North, William Casey and Israel — came from East Germany and other Communist states.
Within days of the Palme assassination, the ADL joined the KGB and the Stasi to frame Swedish associates of Lyndon LaRouche for the Palme murder.
In the 20-26 Augustus 1992 edition of the Swedish magazine Journalisten, an interview was published with former top Stasi officer Herbert Brehmer. Brehmer said that as a Stasi official, he had engineered the disinformation campaign to frame the European Labor Party
(ELP), Scandinavian affiliates of LaRouche, for the murder.
KGB general and Soviet Ambassador Boris Pankin directed the Soviet side of the "LaRouche killed Palme" hoax. Georgii Arbatov, the head of the Soviet Academy of Science's USA-Canada Institute, was also involved in trying to frame LaRouche.
In August 1989, the Stockholm daily newspaper Expressen revealed that Swedish police had bugged the home of a resident KGB agent that show he knew at least 24 hours in advance that Palme would be killed.
Meyer Lansky, Sindona - Sterling National Bank
Up until Lansky's death in 1983, Morris Barney Dalitz was a regular visitor to Lansky's Miami Beach condo. In 1985, Dalitz resurfaced as an ADL “philanthropist”.
Moe Dalitz, bond swindlers like Ivan Boesky and Michael Milken, and money laundering bankers like Edmund Safra, poured millions into the ADL. In return the ADL labelled anyone who challenged their crime activities as an anti-Semite.
In 1973-74, Michele Sindona (of P2) looted $27 million from the Banca Privata
that also caused the collapse of the Franklin National Bank
, NY. Sterling National Bank was used to launder the stolen cash.
In 1934, the ADL’s Theodore H. Silbert had joined Sterling National Bank
Long-time director of Sterling National Bank
, Maxwell Raab, vice chairman of the New York ADL, was partners in crime with Lansky in the International Airport Hotel Corporation. Raab went on to become the US ambassador to Italy when Reagan was President.
Perelman, Rifkind, Milken, United Brands
The grandfather of Ronald Perelman's (of the ADL) first wife, Faith Golding, was a founder of Sterling National
. Perelman was one of Milken's leading raiders.
Perelman's company MacAndrew & Forbes
took over Pantry Pride and Revlon, 2 of the country's largest consumer-goods outfits. Perelman got a $900 million tax credit to cut his liabilities from the Revlon takeover.
When Perelman divorced Golding, his lawyer was Donald Trump’s role model Roy Cohn, who was also intimately tied to the ADL.
Seymour Rifkind joined the board of Perelman's company MacAndrew & Forbes
. Rifkind was also counsel to the Golding family, which Perelman married into and, in a prime example of conflicting interests, Rifkind was on the board of Revlon.
Rifkind protégé Arthur Liman was chief counsel to the House of Representatives' Iran-Contra panel, to help in the cover-up. He subsequently joined Milken's defence team.
Michael Milken poured millions of dollars into the ADL’s "A World of Difference
" campaign to wreck American public education. In 1989, Milken was indicted for insider trading.
Meshulam Riklis was a long-time client of Milken's. Riklis had been a British spy in Palestine and played an important role in the Kenneth Bialkin-executed takeover and looting of IOS. Bialkin was an attorney who was appointed as director of the newly consolidated Shearson Amex entity. Bialkin's buddy Henry Kissinger also joined its board.
The Stern Gang of Menaehem Begin and Yitzhak Shamir imposed a death sentence on Riklis for spying on them. This was only lifted in the early 1980s, after the Begin and Shamir-led Likud Party came to power in Israel, and Riklis made large campaign contributions. The deal was arranged by Israel's Defence Minister Ariel Sharon, after Riklis bought him a ranch in the Negev Desert.
Laurence Tisch, whose insurance company CNA was a frequent investor in Milken junk bonds, also funded the ADL.
Michael Milken and former Dalitz "Purple Gang" member Max Fisher (a prominent ADL figure) made Carl Lindner the owner of United Brands
(formerly the United Fruit Company
) that had longstanding ties to organised crime and US intelligence. They took over United Brands
shortly after its CEO, Eli Black, mysteriously fell out of a window of the Pan Am building in New York.
In 1978, according to the US Drug Enforcement Administration, United Brands smuggled 20% of the total of illegal drugs coming from Latin America to the US.
In 1991, Alan Dershowitz, years before he was introduced to the notorious paedophile Jeffrey Epstein by Lynn Forester, was hired by junk bond king Michael Milken to come to his defence. He arranged an ad in the New York Times to denounce “Den of Thieves
” by James B. Stewart, on the crimes of Milken's operation at Drexel Burnham, as "anti-Semitic".
IOS, BCI - Robert Vesco, Castro
IOS was a front for Meyer Lansky's international crime syndicate. IOS "salesmen" smuggled suitcases full of cash across international borders; the bulk of it from Lansky’s dope, gambling, prostitution, and extortion rackets.
BCI was owned by the Mossad’s Tibor Rosenbaum. In 1967, BCI manager Sylvain Ferdman was identified by Life as one of Lansky's top bagmen. World Commerce director Alvin Malnik was Lansky's "accountant".
In 1970, senior partner at the Wall Street law firm Willkie, Farr and Gallagher
, Kenneth Bialkin, assisted Robert Vesco to take-over the Swiss Investors Overseas Service
(IOS), that had been founded by Bernie Cornfeld with start-up funding from the Rothschild family. Meshulam Riklis, front man for the Minneapolis Mafia, was the middle-man in the Vesco-Bialkin takeover of IOS.
Willkie, Farr’s Swiss partner, Willard Zucker, had been the money handler for Oliver North and Richard Secord at Lake Resources, Inc. Earlier, Zucker was Bialkin's Swiss point-man in the Vesco looting of IOS.
In 1982, Vesco relocated to Cuba to become the financial adviser to dictator Fidel Castro. Vesco and Carlos Lehder Rivas arranged that Castro got a stake in the cocaine and marijuana business, in return for the use of Cuban airstrips to refuel their drug flights to the US. According to Ernest Volkman, by 1984, Castro had got a $20 billion cut of the growing Western Hemisphere dope trade.
Iran-Contra – Safra
Edmund Safra was directly involved in the logistics of Iran-Contra through his Republic Corporate Air
, which he jointly owned with Willard Zucker. It was reported that an airplane of Safra brought Ollie North and Robert McFarlane to Teheran in the spring of 1986 for negotiations.
Accused money launderer Edmund Safra got Bialkin and the ADL to mediate a corporate divorce between his banking empire and the American Express Company.
Bialkin had also played an important part in arranging Adnan Khashoggi’s first shipment of arms to Iran.
The Christic Institute
, which filed a spring 1986 lawsuit against Oliver North, Richard Secord, and other players in Iran-Contra, was infiltrated by the ADL’s Roy Bullock.
Sam and Abe Bronfman were second-generation immigrants whose father was brought from Romania to Canada by the B'nai B'rith-allied Baron de Hirsch Fund. The Bronfmans set up a string of whorehouses and manufactured illegal whiskey during the Canadian Prohibition (1915-19).
At the end of Prohibition, Sam and Abe Bronfman made a deal with the US Treasury Department to pay several million dollars in "back taxes" in return for whitewashing their multi-million crime empire, while they continued to profit from their business with Lansky’s crime syndicate.
The third-generation Edgar Bronfman had successfully transformed his father’s crime business into the "legit" Seagram's whiskey empire.
On 23 January 1989, Edgar Bronfman hosted a secret meeting at his New York penthouse to forge a “grain" deal with the Soviet Union. Also present at this meeting gathering was Dwayne Andreas, the chairman of the Archer Daniels Midland
(ADM) grain cartel, a long-standing backer of the ADL, who arranged dirt-cheap grain from ADM and other US-based grain cartels, to the Soviet Union.
Maybe they arranged the (coming) looting of the Soviet Union in 1991?
For more information on the Bronfmans: https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewtop...&start=110
Of the following 2 books on the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) – the second is the better...
Advanced Demolition League (the ADL in action)
The ugly truth about the ADL
07-08-2019, 03:12 PM
(This post was last modified: 07-08-2019, 03:14 PM by Firestarter.)
Marks - Manchurian Candidate; Lee, Shlain - Acid Dreams
In this post are 2 books on CIA´s MKULTRA that diverted the protests for human rights into “hippies” calling for free drugs and promiscuity by introducing LSD…
The first is an excellent book by John Marks that includes the CIA’s making the psychedelic drugs explosion of the 1960s happen. I recommend reading this book but in the context of this thread there is arguably not enough information on illicit drugs.
John Marks – The Search for the Manchurian Candidate: The CIA and Mind Control
I’ve found a second book that focuses on LSD, but its writers Lee and Shlain are too much fans of the psychedelic scene for my taste. They push the common “conspiracy theory” that it was LSD that started the protests against the war in Vietnam.
I think that these flower power “protesters” were more on an ego-trip than concerned with the dying Vietnamese and US soldiers. I don’t believe at all that the psychedelic drugs caused the protests against the war in Vietnam to erupt…
It should be a shocker that the CIA was so heavily involved in introducing LSD.
Possibly more widely known is that many US soldiers returned from Vietnam as full-blown heroin addicts (reportedly many of them were able to quit though).
In 1938, Dr. Albert Hofmann first synthesized LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) for Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland.
In 1942, General William "Wild Bill" Donovan, chief of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the ClA's predecessor, assembled half a dozen American scientists to perform “top-secret” research to develop a speech-inducing “Truth Drug” for use in interrogations.
Various ways of administering “Truth Drugs” were tried on witting and unwitting subjects. The OSS injected it “into any type of food, such as mashed potatoes, butter, salad dressing, or in such things as candy
" and determined that the best approach was to inject the “Truth Drug” into a cigarette or cigar. “Truth Drugs” would either stimulate "a rush of talk" or made subjects so paranoid they hardly said a word.
From 1947 to 1953, the navy tried similar experiments in Project CHATTER. The navy experimented with mescaline as an interrogation agent when they learned of the mind control experiments by the Nazis at the Dachau concentration camp. Eventually some 1600 Nazi “scientists” were recruited in Project Paperclip, under supervision of the CIA.
In the late 1940S, the CIA experimented with narcohypnosis, in which a psychiatrist induced a trance after administering a mild sedative. Another technique involved 2 different drugs with contradictory effects: a heavy dose of barbiturates to knock the subject out; followed by a stimulant, usually a type of amphetamine. The CIA also experimented with ice pick lobotomies and other brain surgery via UHF sound waves. In the early 1950s, the CIA tried to make a microwave "amnesia beam" to destroy memory neurons. CIA operatives also experimented with magnetic fields, ultrasonic vibrations, and other forms of radiation on the brain.
During the early 1950S, US secret agents tried cocaine as a potential truth serum. They found that heroin could be used as an effective interrogation technique, because after they stopped giving it to addicts, they became willing to talk (to get drugs).
Deadly chemicals were developed to induce a heart attack or cancer without leaving a clue as to the actual source of the disease.
These experiments were first conducted under the project name BLUEBIRD that evolved into Operation ARTICHOKE in August 1951.
In 1951, the CIA first investigated LSD (acid). Suddenly lots of grants for LSD research were granted and funnelled through ClA-linked conduits. The CIA also studied the effects of: morphine, ether, Benzedrine, ethyl alcohol, and mescaline.
Favourable reports kept coming in, LSD supposedly unearthed secrets buried deep in the unconscious mind, but also caused amnesia during the effective period. Accurate information could not always be obtained because LSD distorted the memory to some degree.
From the mid-1950s through the early 1960s, the CIA used LSD as an aid in interrogation. LSD is colourless, odourless, and tasteless, and could therefore easily be secretly administered through food and beverage.
The intelligence agencies envisioned drugs for every conceivable circumstance: smart shots, memory erasers, anti-vitamins, knock-out drops, aphrodisiacs, drugs that caused headaches or uncontrollable twitching, drugs to induce cancer, a stroke or a heart attack without leaving a trace.
Almost all of the illicit drugs that appeared on the black market during the 1960s — including marijuana, cocaine, heroin, PCP, amyinitrate, mushrooms, DMT, barbiturates, laughing gas, and speed — had previously been tested, and in some cases refined, by CIA and army scientists.
The CIA asked the Eli Lilly Company to synthesise acid. By mid-1954, Lilly had succeeded in breaking the secret formula held by Sandoz.
As LSD could break down behaviour patterns, this raised the possibility of brainwashing. The “respected” psychiatrist Dr. Ewen Cameron heavily sedated his victims, confined them to "sleep rooms", and had messages played over and over from speakers under their pillows. These experiments violated the Nuremberg Code for medical ethics by experimenting on unwitting subjects. Ironically, Cameron had been a member of the Nuremberg tribunal that sentenced many Nazis for similar “war crimes”.
The CIA enlisted the aid of the navy and the National Institutes of Mental Health (NIMH), which served as conduits for channelling money to Dr. Harris Isbell, who experimented with over 800 compounds, including LSD and other hallucinogens. Isbell was a long-time member of the Food and Drug Administration's Advisory Committee on the Abuse of Depressant and Stimulant Drugs. Isbell poisoned some of his victims — nearly all black inmates — with LSD for more than 75 consecutive days.
Dr. Paul Hoch gave LSD to psychiatric patients and then lobotomised them in order to compare the effects of acid before and after psychosurgery.
Robert Heath and his colleagues of Tulane University administered LSD to people and then subjected them to electronic brain stimulation via electrode implant.
The CIA also monitored the latest developments in LSD research worldwide. Drug specialists funded by the CIA made periodic trips to Europe for discussion.
In 1953, Dulles authorised Operation MKULTRA, the ClA's major mind control program during the “Cold War”. MKULTRA was the brainchild of Richard Helms, a high-ranking member of the Technical Services Staff (TSS). For a time both the TSS and the Office of Security (which directed ARTICHOKE) were engaged in parallel LSD tests.
Dr. Sidney Gottlieb, who ran the MKULTRA program, explained that they were “investigating” how to “modify an individual's behavior by covert means
". Gottlieb approved a plan to give acid to unwitting US citizens.
LSD could cause a person to act foolishly in public. The CIA could administer LSD to sabotage key meetings, speeches, etc.
One of the unwilling subjects, Dr. Frank Olson, died after he plunged headlong through a window from the tenth floor after he had been poisoned with LSD.
In 1953, tennis professional Harold Blauer was the victim of a drug study by a group of doctors working for the army at the New York State Psychiatric Institute. He died a few hours after receiving an injection of MDA.
In Operation MKULTRA, the CIA used terminal cancer patients as guinea pigs for testing knockout drugs and psychochemical weapons.
Two hundred officers assigned to the Chemical Corps school at Fort McClellan, Alabama, were given acid during their regular training program. In 1961, soldiers at Edgewood Arsenal were given LSD and confined to sensory deprivation chambers and then subjected to hostile questioning by intelligence officers.
By the mid-1960s, nearly 1500 military personnel had served as guinea pigs for LSD experiments. Vietcong POWs were also used to test LSD.
Psilocybin was given to 32 prisoners at the Massachusetts Correctional Institute in Concord. At least one member of Timothy Leary's research team took psilocybin with the prisoners while another observer took notes.
In the safe house experiments of George Hunter White that started in 1955, prostitutes spiked the drinks of their “customers” while CIA operatives observed, photographed, and recorded the results. They also explored the possibilities of using sex for espionage purposes.
The safe house experiments continued until 1963, when CIA inspector general John Earman accidentally stumbled across the clandestine testing program during a routine inspection of TSS operations. Earman recommended a freeze on unwitting drug tests, but deputy director for covert operations Helms defended the program.
From Hoffmann-La Roche the army obtained its first batch of a drug called quinuclidinyl benzilate (BZ).
Clinical studies with BZ were initiated at Edgewood Arsenal in 1959 and continued until 1975. During this period some 2800 soldiers were exposed to the super hallucinogen BZ. BZ resulted in test subjects lapsing into a state of "semi-quiet delirium" and had no memory of their BZ experience.
BZ was better suited than LSD as a chemical warfare agent. BZ was cheaper, more reliable, and packed a stronger punch than LSD. Most important, BZ could be dispersed as an aerosol mist that would float with the wind across city or battlefield (unlike LSD).
According to CIA documents there are probably contingency plans to use BZ in the case of a major civilian insurrection either by releasing clouds of "madness gas" or spike the city's water supply.
After LSD was first introduced to the US in 1949, in less than a decade the drug had risen to a position of high standing among psychiatrists. LSD therapy was by no means a “fad”. More than a 1000 clinical papers were written on the subject, which included experiments on some 40,000 patients. The rate of recovery or improvement was higher with LSD therapy than with “traditional” psychiatric “treatment” like electroshock, lobotomy, and anti-psychotic drugs.
In May 1953, within a month after the CIA initiated Operation MKULTRA, Aldous Huxley tried mescaline for the first time at his home in Hollywood Hills, California, under the supervision of Dr. Humphry Osmond. Huxley became a propagandist for hallucinogenic drugs. In 1955, Huxley had his second mescaline experience, this time in the company of Captain "Cappy" Alfred M. Hubbard and Huxley’s close friend philosopher Gerald Heard. Later that year, Huxley took his first dose of LSD with "Cappy". Hubbard even received special permission from Rome to administer LSD within the context of the Catholic faith.
Timothy Leary tested prospective employees for the CIA and other organisations. When Dr. Humphry Osmond passed through Boston, Huxley took him to meet Leary.
The word “psychedelic” was coined as a marketing gimmick. LSD became the talk of the town in Hollywood and Beverly Hills in the late 1950s as various movie stars were dosed by their psychiatrists. Cary Grant was guided by Dr. Mortimer Hartmann and Dr. Oscar Janiger to take LSD.
Los Angeles psychiatrist Dr. Oscar Janiger gave psychedelics to various writers, actors, musicians, and filmmakers, including: Anais Nin, Andre Previn, Jack Nicholson, James Coburn, Ivan Tors, and Lord Buckley. Allan Ginsberg supplied mushroom pills to legendary jazz musicians Theolonius Monk and Dizzy Gillespie. Bob Dylan also entered a period of heave drug use.
Starting in 1965, John Lennon, George Harrison, Donovan Leitch, Keith Richards, and the Yardbirds were introduced to LSD. Lennon was inspired to write "She Said She Said" by a conversation in California with Peter Fonda during his second LSD trip.
Frank Zappa also promoted "freaking out". LSD was promoted by “adverse publicity” in the mainstream media.
The Mafia stepped in by setting up its own production and distribution networks for LSD.
It is impossible to understand the psychedelic culture without considering marijuana, as this was also widely used.
Throughout Europe cities became scenes for psychedelics. Amsterdam was the magic city where every drug was readily available. In 1965, the Provos took Amsterdam by storm, whose “happenings” anticipated the style of the San Francisco Diggers. Acid was also plentiful in London, Munich, Berlin (where hippies were called Gammler), Rome (with its capellones), Paris, Zurich, Madrid, the Greek Isles, and even in Prague...
By mid 1967 speed rivalled pot and acid as the most widely used substance in the area. Speed ravaged people mentally and physically and resulted in widespread malnutrition.
A drug subculture also thrived among US troops in Vietnam. 80% of American servicemen smoked pot. They also used plenty of heroin (15% of those who returned from Vietnam had become heroin addicts).
LSD was the most used drug. One type of acid was particularly popular - "orange sunshine". In the late 1960s and early 1970s orange sunshine turned up in all 50 states and numerous foreign countries, including Goa Beach in India, the mountains of Nepal, Indonesia, Australia, Japan, South Vietnam, Costa Rica, Israel, and even the ancient Muslim shrine of Mecca.
Some suspected that heroin was used by the government to pacify the young masses. This was allegedly set in motion in 1969, when Nixon initiated Operation Intercept to cut off the supply of marijuana from Mexico. During this shortage came the influx of heroin.
Billy Hitchcock made his family's 4000 acre estate in New York, available to Leary’s psychedelic clan for a nominal 500 dollar a month rent. One day NASA “scientist” Steve Groff joined the fun at Millbrook. Groff got some acid, and he provided samples of a secret drug developed by the military “JB-118”.
Hitchcock’s specialty was setting up tax shelters and knew exactly what to do with the proceeds from the Brotherhood's missionary work. The cash was laundered through Bahamian slush funds in the same way professional criminals did it. Castle Bank had been set up by the CIA as to funnel money to a wide range of covert operations in the Caribbean.
Billy Hitchcock wasn't the only figure in the Mellon clan who rubbed shoulders with the intelligence community. A number of Mellons served in the OSS, notably David Bruce, the OSS station chief in London. Mellon family foundations have been used repeatedly as conduits for CIA funds. CIA director Richard Helms was even a frequent weekend guest of the Mellon patriarchs in Pittsburgh.
In 1969, Hitchcock's bagman Charles Rumsey was caught by Customs with $100,000 in cash. Rumsey fingered his boss, revealing that the money came from various Paravacini accounts in Switzerland. Customs officials alerted the IRS, which already had a thick file on Billy Hitchcock.
Thirteen agencies — including the FBI, CIA, BNDD, IRS, Customs, and the State Department — eventually cracked down on the Brotherhood. In August 1972, Operation BEL scored its first major victory when narcotics agents arrested 40 people in 3 states.
After the feds broke up the Brotherhood network in the early 1970s, Ronald Hadley Stark ended up with most of the money and property in his name. Stark knew a high-placed Tibetan close to the Dalai Lama. Stark was also in regular contact with officials at the US embassy in London. He even got their help in setting up his Belgian drug lab.
After he was granted immunity, Hitchcock testified in San Francisco before a grand jury on the Brotherhood LSD conspiracy. He named many key figures in the drug trade. He also identified the Swiss and Bahamian banks that were used to launder drug profits. Scully got 20 years, Sand got 15, while Hitchcock received only a five-year suspended sentence and a $20,000 fine.
While the CIA had actually starting the youth of the world “tripping out” on acid, the “antidrug campaign” in turn was used to get rid of the leaders of “radical politics”.
The FBI shadowed John Lennon, Yoko Ono, Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Jim Morrison, and other rock stars, many of whom were prosecuted on drug charges. Rock stars were falling like dominos including Hendrix, Joplin, and Morrison.
In 1969, leader of the White Panther party in Michigan John Sinclair, was sentenced to 9 ½ years in prison for giving 2 joints to an undercover officer.
Black militant and antiwar organizer at Texas Southern University Lee Otis John-son was given a 30-year sentence after sharing a joint with a narc.
SDS militant Mark Rudd, who played a prominent role in the uprising at Columbia University, was fingered for drugs by an informant.
Police in Buffalo, New York, planted dope in a bookstore run by black anarchist Martin Sostre, who served 6 years in prison.
Even Timothy Leary got in trouble with the law. At one time, at forty-nine years of age, he faced a virtual life sentence. Then Leary escaped prison. He escaped to Afghanistan where he and his small group were taken into custody. On 17 January 1973, Timothy Leary stepped off a plane in Los Angeles.
Leary got off easy after he promised to collaborate with the feds. Leary was granted an early parole for good behaviour in 1976.
Martin A. Lee, Bruce Shlain “Acid Dreams; The Complete Social History of LSD: The CIA, The Sixties, and Beyond
” (1985): https://www.erowid.org/library/books_onl...dreams.pdf