11-23-2019, 04:46 PM
(This post was last modified: 12-10-2019, 05:31 PM by Firestarter.)
In 1994 we were told the horrible story of the up to a million Tutsis brutally slaughtered by those savage Hutus. What they didn’t tell us that it were arms and training from the “civilised” West that made this possible…
With an invasion of Rwanda in mind, the predominantly Tutsi Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) was formed in 1987.
France, Egypt and South Africa supplied the majority of weapons to arm the huge expansion of the Rwandan army.
France was the largest arms supplier to Habyarimana’s regime in Rwanda. Between February 1990 and April 1994, it exported 136 million French francs worth of weapons to Rwanda.
Immediately after the RPF launched its offensive on 8 February 1993, the number of French soldiers swelled to at least 680. Sources in Rwanda told the Arms Project that French soldiers provided artillery support for Rwandan infantry troops both before and during the February 1993 offensive.
While France claimed that these French soldiers were protecting French citizens, French troops were also deployed at locations were no French citizens or other western expatriates were living.
France also sent military advisors to provide training, preparing them for the massacre, to Rwandan troops.
France was “directly responsible, through arming and training, for the exponential growth of the Rwandan Government Army (FAR)
France also played a major role in securing the arms from South Africa and Egypt.
The $6 million in Egyptian weapons were paid for with a bank guarantee from the French Crédit Lyonnais bank.
France, who had been secretly supplying the apartheid regime for a long time, also acted as an intermediary for the South African arms: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/3ae6a7fc8.html
It has been carefully kept secret that British companies sold arms to Rwanda before and after the UN embargo of 17 May 1994.
The British Mil-Tec Corporation Ltd supplied the Rwandan army with over $5.5 million worth of arms from mid-April 1994 until mid-July 1994 – the exact period of the genocide.
Mil-Tec was run by Anoop Vidyarthi with an office in north London: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world...53751.html
By selling weapons, and deliberately blocking international assistance, “civilised” nations around the world helped Hutu extremists commit genocide. This was the time that Milosevic and Saddam were declared “the new Hitler” and about half a year after the US/UN invasion of Mogadishu, Somalia, when the population showed what they thought of the US army.
During the 100 days massacre, UN forces watched it happen, under direct orders not to interfere.
Declassified documents show that the Clinton White House had advance knowledge of the Rwandan genocide before it started. Sixteen days before the killings began, Bill Clinton was informed that the Hutus had planned a “final solution to eliminate all Tutsi
”. Clinton received several reports describing their plan as “genocide”.
The US government knew what was going to happen more than two weeks before it started, but they made a decision to let it happen on purpose. Clinton justified his decision with “Whether we get involved in any of the world’s ethnic conflicts, must depend on the cumulative weight of the American interests at stake
Members of the UN were forbidden to sell weapons to Rwanda but companies from France, Belgium, Egypt, Ghana, and the UK continued to supply weapons to the Hutu extremists.
About three months before the genocide started, a French plane was caught illegally delivering weapons to the Hutu extremists that would later be used in the genocide, in direct violation of the Arusha Peace Accords that had ended the Rwandan Civil War. UN Force Commander, Roméo Dallaire, reported it to his superiors and warned that violence was coming, and asked for action to prevent this.
The UN did nothing…
At a time that thousands a day were killed and Hutu extremists were calling for the extermination of every Tutsi in the country on Rwanda’s radio, the UN Security Council discussed what to do. The US and France used a hidden veto to keep the world out of the conversation. They were threatening to veto any action in Rwanda. They didn’t allow letting the UN use the word “genocide” in any resolution about it.
Already in September 1993, National Coordinator for Security in the USA Richard Clarke wrote a memo that the UN shouldn’t send more “peacekeepers” to Rwanda and wrote: “If as USUN reports, a Rwanda resolution has 10 votes in the UNSC, we may have to say no with a veto
Declassified records show that 2 days after the massacre had started, on 9 April Richard Clarke wrote in an e-mail: “We should work with the French to gain a consensus to terminate the UN mission
”. When the genocide started, there were about 2000 UN Peacekeepers in Rwanda that weren’t allowed interfering. While Roméo Dallaire asked for more troops to do something about it, the UN pulled most of its troops out instead (leaving only 270).
When they started pulling the UN forces out, member of the US National Security Council Eric Schwartz warned the White House that if the UN “Peacekeepers” were pulled out, this would turn into a full-scale genocide.
When the UN finally started sending peacekeepers back into Rwanda, when the genocide was almost over, France set up one of the biggest relief programs “Zone Turquoise” that covered one-fifth of Rwanda. There is some debate over who the French were trying to protect. Many Rwandans thought the French weren’t there to stop the killings but prevent the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) from winning against the Hutus.
The French never arrested the people behind the genocide or shut down the Hutu propaganda station Radio des Milles-Collines that was supporting the murders. Radio des Milles-Collines, celebrated the coming French “allies”, telling Hutu girls to “wash yourselves and put on a good dress to welcome our French allies. The Tutsi girls are all dead so you have your chance
Shortly after Paula Kagame and the RPF were installed into power of Rwanda, Kagame claimed that the French government had a “direct role in the preparation of the genocide
Kagame pointed to Operation Noroît, which armed and trained Hutu fighters. Kagame claims that France even helped plan the logistics of the slaughter. Kagame even claims that French soldiers assassinated people who were hiding Tutsis and were involved in rapes.
After Rwandan President Habyarimana’s plane was shot down, French troops airlifted his wife Agathe Habyarimana, gave her 230,000 Francs and let her live in Paris. According to the Rwandan government, Agathe Habyarimana could have been one of the key players involved in planning the Rwandan genocide. The French State Council actually agrees and stated that there are “serious reasons to suspect” her.
Kagame wanted her extradited to Rwanda, but France refused. There is an international warrant for her arrest on charges of genocide, but she is safe in France.
In 1990, none other than Egyptian Minister of Foreign Affairs Boutros Boutros-Ghali had secretly sent Hutu militia a massive $26 million shipment of weapons. Boutros-Ghali had actively convinced Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to sell these arms. To keep the arms sale secret, Boutros-Ghali labelled them “relief materials”.
The Rwandan ambassador sent Boutros-Ghali a thank you letter: “The personal intervention of Boutros-Ghali, was a determining factor in the conclusion of the arms contract
Was this THE reason that Boutros-Ghali was selected for UN Secretary-General?!? In 1994, then Secretary-General of the UN Boutros Boutros-Ghali did nothing to prevent the genocide from happening.
By common consensus, shooting down the plane with the presidents of Rwanda and Burundi triggered the genocide. It is still not entirely clear who shot the plane down.
After the UN let the genocide happen, it formed the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). An ICTR team, led by attorney Michael Hourigan, found evidence that suggested Kagame — who later became President of Rwanda — was behind it. ICTR Chief Prosecutor Louise Arbour ordered him to stop the investigation.
In 2002, when new chief prosecutor Carla del Ponte took over, she tried to reopen the investigation. She was immediately fired by the UN — and she thinks that the US and the UK demanded her dismissal.
Some claim that Israel continued to provide the Hutu extremists with weapons from 1990 to 1995 — even while the genocide was ongoing.
Some Israeli citizens filed a Freedom of Information request for the documents that went to the Israeli Supreme Court on these arms sales. The Supreme Court wouldn’t have refused the request without good reason: https://listverse.com/2017/04/06/10-horr...-genocide/
The follow-up selected for UN Secretary-General after Boutros-Ghali, Kofi Annan, was also involved in letting this genocide happen…
Kofi Annan was head of UN peacekeeping in 1994 and as such responsible for ignoring repeated warnings that the genocide was coming. Roméo Dallaire for example warned of the plan to kill 1,000 Tutsis every 20 minutes in Rwanda.
When the order came to take the UN “peacekeepers” out of Rwanda, UN political adviser in Kigali, Shahryar Khan, didn’t agree: “Ten Belgians are dead, so you don't give a damn that thousands of Africans are about to be slaughtered
The Belgian commanding officer in Rwanda Colonel Luc Marchal later recalled the pull out: “We were perfectly aware of what was about to happen. Our mission was a tragic failure. Everyone considered it a form of desertion. Pulling out under such circumstances was an act of total cowardice
Lieutenant Luc Lemaire was in command of a contingent of Belgian troops ordered to abandon a school with about 2,000 Tutsis in Rwanda’s capital, Kigali. As the Belgian soldiers drove off, Tutsis rushed their vehicles for help. The Belgians fired into the air to drive them back. The Tutsis were caught by the Hutu militia and diverted to a gravel pit, with very few survivors.
Even where Tutsis were able to climb on board UN lorries, the interahamwe pulled them off at roadblocks and butchered them in front of French or Belgian soldiers, who said they had no “mandate” to intervene.
Once the UN abandoned Rwanda, the killing spread rapidly.
Dallaire later said he could have stopped the genocide in Kigali with 5,000 troops and could have prevented it spreading.
Representative of the RPF Gerald Gahima, tried to lobby UN ambassadors to take action, including Britain's representative on the Security Council Sir David Hannay, and said “I didn't get the impression he cared at all. We might have been talking about slaughtering chickens
Queen Elizabeth’s government, with at the time John Major as PM, was also warned.
On 11 January 1994, the commander of the UN peacekeepers sent a cable outlining a genocide plot. This was just one of dozens of warnings.
Is Belgium the “hero” in this disaster?!?
In the weeks before the genocide, the Belgian ambassador to the UN tried to persuade the permanent members of the Security Council that something had to be done to prevent the coming massacre in Rwanda: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/a...da.comment
While, because of the reported slaughter of hundreds of thousands Tutsis by those savage Hutus, the Tutsi Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) were considered “heroes”, in reality there were no good soldiers in this genocide…
The “good guys” of the Pentagon (always on the side of the most ruthless dictatorships) heavily backed the RPF with weapons and training. Pentagon subcontractor Ronco, fronting as a de-mining company, smuggled weapons to RPF fighters in violation of UN sanctions and transported RPF troops from Uganda to Rwanda.
Canadian General Romeo Dallaire, commander of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR), who has been made to look as a hero in subsequent reports, was also collaborating with the RPF.
On 1 October 1990, US proxy force Uganda — with troops trained and armed by the US — launched its war against Rwanda. From 1990 to 1993, the RPF comprised mostly of Ugandan mercenaries.
On 12 July 1998, the Washington Post reported that the US gave the RPF’s general Paul Kagame (a Ugandan) $75 million in military assistance and also sent Green Berets to train the RPF and their Ugandan allies. This was put to lethal effect in the ethnic bloodbath that has continued to the present day.
From 1990 to 1994, the RPF committed atrocity after atrocity as they forced their way to power in Kigali. This resulted in more than a million internally displaced Rwandan Hutus and possibly on top of that a million Burundian refugees. At the time they always accused the government of President Juvenal Habyarimana of genocide.
Prior to January 1993, hundreds of thousands Rwandans were made homeless and forced to flee, but instead of rightly blaming this on the invading RPF guerrillas — covertly backed by the US, Britain, Belgium and Israel — this was declared to be simply the result of "war".
Tutsi military also assassinated Burundi’s first “democratically elected” civilian President Melchior Ndadaye in October 1993.
On 9 April 1994, 3 days after the plane crash that killed Burundi's President Cyprien Ntaryamira and Rwandan President Habyarimana, some 330 US marines landed at Bujumbura's airport in Burundi, ostensibly to "rescue Americans" in Rwanda but in reality assisting the RPF.
On 12 February 2009, senior researcher with US/UK intelligence conduit Human Rights Watch (HRW), Alison des Forges, was killed in a plane crash. She was subsequently deified for her propaganda on those horrible Hutus.
Like other “researchers” Des Forges has endlessly continued to sell the propaganda to the gullible public.
When the RPF was installed in 1994, a terror regime was set up to pursue kidnappings; torture; rape; terrorist attacks; illegal detention of thousands of civilians; attacks, including murder, against civilians based on ethnicity; getting rid of corpses by mass incineration or throwing them into lakes or rivers; and acts of war in Rwanda and Congo: http://rwandarwabanyarwanda.over-blog.co...32670.html
Let’s see if I understand?!?
What was reported to us gullible fools as a spontaneous eruption of violence, in which in 100 days in 1994 Hutu psychopaths chopped up at least 800,000 Tutsis with machetes, in reality had been planned since at least 1990 by the allied US, France and the genocide supporting UN.
With the aim to install another puppet regime…
In 1990, the US/UN-backed Burundi, Tutsi mercenaries of the RPF militia invaded Rwanda and started a terror campaign. They continued to be armed throughout the conflict by the US. In the same period, France continued to arm and train the Hutu army, to prepare them for the slaughter.
While the RPF mercenaries could have fought against the Hutu extremists slaughtering Tutsis, they instead butchered tens of thousands of Hutus themselves.
Cynically behind the scenes, the US and France were working together to allow no interference to stop their horrible plan.
After the RPF was installed into power, as the Hutu majority couldn’t be allowed to exercise their democratic rights, it continued the terror campaign against the Hutus.
On 11 April 1994, 5 days after the plane with Rwandan president’s was shot down, these psychopaths – including Under Secretary Frank Wisner and Henry Kissinger — apparently discussed the ongoing genocide in Rwanda over dinner:
Quote:Of note: this crisis will likely raise questions at the UN about the wisdom of including lightly armed troops …
Unless both sides can be convinced to return to the peace process, a massive (hundreds of thousands of deaths) bloodbath will ensue that would likely spill over to Burundi.
As for who was to blame for shooting down the plane that ignited the massacre…
Both France (controlling the Hutu militia) and the US (controlling the RPF mercenaries) were apparently aiming for this disaster (so ultimately a puppet regime could be installed).
There are more or less 2 stories, my guess is that the US/UN-backed RPF was behind it (maybe more on this later).
According to the British Guardian, the US-backed Tutsi rebels could not have shot down Habyarimana’s plane, because witnesses described that missiles were fired from inside or near a military barracks, so it must have been the Hutu militia.
This looks based on a report by the Washington-based Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), whose board of trustees have included psychopaths like Henry Kissinger, Zbigniew Brzezinski and Brent Scowcroft.
“Scholars” for CSIS have included Madeleine Albright, Ehud Barak and Michael Ledeen.
The US/UK-propaganda network claims that extremist Hutu politicians and military officers murdered President Juvénal Habyarimana after he tried to make a power-sharing deal with the Tutsi rebels
According to the CSIS:
Quote:For the Rwandan government, this puts to bed any speculation that the [RPF] may have been implicated in the shooting down of Habyarimana's plane.
Of course the Rwandan government at the time was led by the RPF’s Paul Kagame: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/j...ne-inquiry
The Rwandan New Times agrees with the previous conclusion…
It adds amongst others that the Hutu Colonel Bagosora arranged for Army Chief of Staff General Deogratias Nsabimana, who opposed the genocidal plans, to be on the plane that would be shot down.
According to the probe report by the Mutsinzi “commission” that interviewed almost 600 witnesses:
Quote:In violation of established procedure, Nsabimana received his orders to accompany the President via an unofficial channel—a telephone call from of all people, Theoneste Bagosora—the night before the trip.
I don’t seen any evidence that Bagosora told Nsabimana to join the president on the plane though: https://www.newtimes.co.rw/section/read/15564
The following details the testimony of the late Michael Hourigan about his investigation into the RPF (mostly about the plane crash) for the International Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) being shut down (by Louise Arbour).
See some excerpts.
Quote:7.4. In late January or early February 1997 members of the National Team were approached by three (3) informants (either former or serving member of the R.P.F.) claiming direct involvement in the 1994 fatal rocket attack upon the President’s aircraft. Their evidence specifically implicated the direct involvement of President Paul Kagame, members of his administration and military. The informants also advised that the Kagame administration was actively involved in covert operations aimed at murdering high profile expatriate Rwandans – once such murder was the death of Seth Sedashonga inNairobi.
9 The information from the sources was very detailed and seemed very credible. I was very concerned about the sensitivity of the information and arranged for an urgent ‘secure’ telephone call to Judge Arbour.
19 I presented her with a copy of a memo I had prepared entitled ‘Secret National Team Inquiry – Internal Memorandum’ and this document which is undated is attached to this statement. This document detailed the information provided by the three informants.
20 To my surprise Judge Arbour was aggressive and questioned me about the source of the information regarding the informants and the quality and potential reliability of their information. I advised her that the information was given to me by members from my team – the National Team.
22 Judge Arbour then advised me that the National Team investigation was at an end because in her view it was not in our mandate. She suggested that the ICTR’s mandate only extended to events within the genocide, which in her view began ‘after’ the plane crash.
23 I was astounded at this statement. I pointed to the temporal mandate of the ICTR being 1 January 1994 until 31 December 1994 and this clearly covered the time of the plane crash. I also addressed the ‘terrorism’ and ‘murder’ provisions of the ICTR statute.
26 Judge then became hostile and asked me if I was challenging her authority to direct to end our investigations into the plane crash.
27 I told her that I was not questioning her authority only her judgement. I informed her that I was her servant and I would obey her direction.
33 On 1 August 1997 I prepared an internal memorandum detailing various issues which I felt lay behind some of the difficulties with the ICTR. A copy of this memorandum is attached here.
34 The OIOS leadership were not at all interested in the memorandum and they expressed their concern at some of the contents of the document implicating the Secretary General in some of the serious events in Rwanda in 1994.
35 I completed six months with OIOS and resigned.
36 I feel that unknown persons from within the UN leadership and possibly elsewhere pressured Judge Arbour to end the National Team’s investigations into the shooting down of President Habyarimana.
11-29-2019, 04:58 PM
(This post was last modified: 11-29-2019, 05:03 PM by Firestarter.)
While the official story still reads that there is “no evidence that the RPF” shot down Habyarimana’s jet, several former close associates of dictator Paul Kagame, despite the threat of being killed, have testified in detail that the RPF was responsible.
These associates include former Rwandan Army Chief of Staff Kayumba Nyamwasa, who has survived several attempts on his life, and former chief of staff to Kagame and former ambassador to the US Theogene Rudasingwa.
Both French Judge Jean-Louis Bruguière and Spanish Judge Fernando Andreu Merelles concluded that the RPF shot down the plane with President Habyarimana.
Judges Bruguière and Merelles also separately brought charges against the RPF, which the ICTR has never done: https://www.globalresearch.ca/the-intern...ip/5425437
In 1994, the UN Security Council established the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) to “investigate” crimes committed during the genocide. Its investigators amassed evidence of atrocities committed by both sides. In 1997, the ICTR’s chief prosecutor, Louise Arbour, shut down all investigations of RPF crimes and continued to pursue only those committed by Hutu extremists.
In 2016, Arbour explained that the Michael Hourigan investigation of the RPF was stopped because of a lack of capacity and that it was “very dangerous” to investigate the RPF…
In 1999, Arbour set up a Special Investigation Unit (SIU) to collect evidence about RPF crimes. Its report was leaked to Judi Rever, who wrote about this in her book “In Praise of Blood: The Crimes of the Rwandan Patriotic Front
During, and after the 1994 Rwandan genocide, Paul Kagame’s Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) killed at least tens of thousands of innocent Hutus, which really is a “parallel genocide”.
In January 1993, the RPF took an international team of human rights investigators on a tour of RPF-held areas in northern Rwanda after which they reported that the Rwandan government was to blame for virtually all the violence.
Rever interviewed RPF defectors, who told her that the RPF intimidated, abducted, or murdered witnesses of their crimes and then incinerated or buried them in tightly guarded encampments, off-limits to human rights investigators.
The RPF even killed witnesses in foreign countries, like interior minister in the post-genocide “national unity” government Seth Sendashonga, who was gunned down in Nairobi in 1998, or former RPF spy chief Patrick Karegeya, strangled in Johannesburg in 2014.
According to an RPF defector, in 1997 Kagame’s hit men killed 4 UN observers, 3 Spanish and a Canadian priest, who were collecting evidence of RPF crimes.
In 1997, the RPF barred Amnesty International investigators from inspecting caves where fleeing Hutus had been massacred.
Based on interviews with local witnesses, it’s estimated that they probably contained five to eight thousand bodies.
In 1996 the RPF, invaded Zairian refugee camps and brought back the (mostly) Hutus to Rwanda. Many of the hundreds of thousands that fled into Zaire instead were tracked down by the RPF and killed.
In May 1997, the RPF, Ugandan army, along with the AFDL, took over Mobutu’s Zaire and renamed it the Democratic Republic of Congo.
After a brief hiatus, the Congo war resumed in 1998 and has claimed at least a million lives.
In July 1994, 200 US Special Forces began training the RPF in marksmanship, navigation, small unit management, and other techniques that would soon be used to kill fleeing Hutu refugees in Zaire. The US also gave the RPF intelligence on the strength and positions of Zaire’s army.
In 1995, when Rwanda was under an arms embargo, the Clinton administration began transferring military equipment to Uganda, Eritrea, and Ethiopia. Some of the tanks, grenades, and other light weapons were used to slaughter Hutus and take over Zaire: https://www.nybooks.com/articles/2018/06...thly-hush/
Here’s the first part of the previous article: http://web.archive.org/web/2018070210131...alk-about/
I think I (finally) found the real motive for the Rwandan genocide and installing the Tutsi puppet regime…
The real motive was installing a puppet regime to loot Zaire, which was renamed to the “Democratic” Republic of Congo. I haven’t found a single story that exposes this link, so thanks – once again – to our deaf, dumb and blind media I can bring you another exclusive (although in all honesty I don’t believe that I’m really the first).
After the UN had been supporting the genocidal RPF militia that was subsequently installed as the puppet regime, the UN continued the propaganda against the Hutu extremists that had fled into Zaire.
The United Nations reported in November 1998, originally from Reuters, that:
Quote:Fighters from the former Rwandan Hutu army and its militia supporters have become significant players in the Democratic Congo, battling alongside President Laurent Kabila's forces, a new U.N. report said.
Many soldiers from the former Rwandan army, known as ex-FAR, and their Interahamwe militia allies, were implicated in the 1994 genocide in Rwanda in which more than 500,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were massacred.
Some of the money also came from drug trafficking. The report said the Rwandans appeared to be involved in smuggling mandrax, an hallucinogenic drug, to South Africa from India and other Asian nations via Kenya.
The previous report reads like a call to bring “democracy and peace” to Zaire, of course by starting a brutal war and installing a puppet regime and calling it, the “Democratic” Republic of Congo!
While a huge amount of media attention was given to those Hutu extremist mass murdering innocent Tutsis, I can’t remember (m)any story on what is now called Africa’s World War (1998-2003), which involved 9 African countries and resulted in an estimated 5 million dead people in the Congo.
In January 2001, Dictator Laurent Kabila, who led the guerrilla movement that overthrew the 32-year regime of Zairian dictator Mobuto Sese Seko in 1997, was assassinated and his son, Joseph Kabila, became head of state of the Congo.
Joseph Kabila was “democratically elected” president in 2006 and 2011.
The presidential elections, which should have been held in 2016, only took place in December 2018. President Kabila was prohibited from running for a third term under Congo’s constitution (after he had been head of state for more than 17 years).
Kabila’s Congo signed a bilateral investment treaty with the US.
The US exported pharmaceutical products, poultry, machinery, used clothing, and wheat to the Congo.
The leading products imported by the US from the Congo are copper, antiques (what?!?), diamonds, coffee, propane, and tantalum: https://www.state.gov/u-s-relations-with...the-congo/
The next president of the Congo, Felix Tshisekedi, was accused of an "electoral coup" by runner-up Martin Fayulu, a former oil executive, while the Catholic Church said that the result did not match election polls by its election monitors.
According to the following analysis the chance that the election results were rigged is 100%, and Fayulu was the real winner in a landslide.
And the motive for wanting control of Zaire (Congo) is easy to find (still lots of people find Syria and Venezuela more interesting), the Democratic Republic of Congo is widely considered to be the richest country in the world in natural resources; estimated to be worth in excess of $24 trillion.
Congo has almost limitless water, from the world's second-largest river, the Congo, a benign climate and rich soil, while beneath the soil are abundant deposits of copper, gold, diamonds, cobalt, uranium, coltan, iron ore, oil and natural gas.
According to the Congolese government, in 2010 petroleum products accounted for roughly 90% of the nation’s exports.
Most of Congo’s oil is exploited by foreign corporations, like Aiteo and Perenco.
The Congo has an estimated 7 billion tons of iron ore located close to the city of Zanaga; owned by the Xstrata Corporation.
When tires became much used for cars and bicycles, the rubber came from the Congo.
During World War I, 75% of the copper in bullet casings came from the Congo.
The uranium for the 2 nuclear bombs dropped on Japan in World War II, came from the Congo.
The West made Mobutu’s regime borrow billions, which was then stolen and Congo still has to repay these loans.
In 1997, an alliance of African states, led by Rwanda’s puppet regime invaded, with millions of victims as a result.
Rwanda's puppet, Laurent Kabila, refused to follow orders, so Rwanda again invaded, and the African allies now turned on each other and plunged Congo into a terrible “world war”: https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-24396390
Congo, Gertler and money laundering
I've added Congo to the thread title...
Chinese investment skyrocketed from $1 million in 2000 to $1.6 billion by 2008.
China has become a major player in Congo; its influence is primarily exerted through infrastructure projects and acquisitions and has formed partnerships with DFID and delivered loans to Congo’s government.
Former president Joseph Kabila was trained at the military academy in Beijing.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank declared Congo bankrupt in 1994 and forced it into “liberalisation” in the early 2000s.
Congo’s economic crisis forced the government to sign the Millennium Initiative,
Liberalisation has removed control of economic resources from Congo, which through offshore companies made it possible for the elite to loot Congo of its valuable resources, while bribing politicians and funding violence to keep the population under control. Liberalisation has extended Kabila’s tenure and as such was anti-democratic. Kabila provided a favourable environment for foreign investments (and made a bundle in the process).
Mineral sales contributed heavily to the (second) presidential campaign in 2011 that cost over $1 billion. Most of the funding came from Congo, with 40% coming from international donors. The elections were decried by international observers and Joseph Kabila won from Etienne Tshisekedi.
The third presidential election cost an estimated $1.4 billion. In May 2014 US Secretary of State John Kerry (of Skull & Bones), promised $30 million for the campaign on the condition that Kabila did not run for a third time.
In 2010, US Congress passed the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, article 1502.
The act imposed that potential buyers report egregious minerals – like tin, tantalum and tungsten - to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), instead of a penalty.
The Act also required supply chain due diligence. The non-governmental organisation (NGO), Pact, funded by USA Aid (USAID) described the due diligence approach:
Quote:In the mining sector, Pact works in partnership with government, industry and civil society to help ensure that minerals make it to international markets without interference, promoting development rather than conflict.
DFID’s position became more overt; its plan for Congo for 2011–2016 stated:
Quote:the portfolio of our projects is already shifting to deliver a more coherent, focused and ambitious approach to economic development. We are helping to build strong and investable business environments in developing countries and improving access to finance for entrepreneurs.
While the international community has spoken on the tremendous corruption in the Congo, it has “forgotten” to address the secrecy of international trade, without which this wouldn’t be possible on such a large scale.
Global Witness’s “Out of Africa” report estimates that Congo suffered $1.36 billion in lost revenue during the last election cycle, which were routed out of Congo through British tax havens, with several companies involved listed on the London Stock Exchange.
British Member of Parliament Eric Joyce published a list of 59 shell companies operating in Congo in 2011; 47 of them were registered in the British Virgin Islands. The Panama Papers confirm that offshore companies have been widely used in Congo. The most reported profession in the Panama Papers is “politician”…
Kabila and his aide Augustine Katumba Mwanke (now deceased) were increasingly associated with Israeli businessman Dan Gertler, who is named in more than 200 files in the Panama Papers.
Gertler bought Congolese mining assets and sold them at profits of thousands percentage points to companies registered in the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands and Bermuda.
In 2005, Gertler formed Global Enterprises Corporate (GEC), owned through a company registered in the Isle of Man, the chief assets of which were 75% of 2 huge copper mining projects in the province of Katanga (with 25% for Congo’s defunct state company Gécamines). Gertler’s investment of £3 million was valued at more than £1 billion.
In 2010, Kabila signed a presidential decree granting oil concessions in Lake Albert to Caprikat and Foxwhelp, both associated with Gertler and registered in the British Virgin Islands by Mossack Fonseca.
Since his arrival in Congo in 1997, Gertler has built an estimated $2.5 billion empire.
In October 2016, the US Justice Department and SEC fined the hedge fund Och-Ziff Capital Management Company under the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act on bribery charges. The company’s front man in Congo, Dan Gertler, alongside Kabila and his aide Katumba Mwanke received over $100 million in bribes.
Barnabe Kikaya Bin Karubi responded:
Quote:For us an attack on [Gertler] is an attack on the Congo … Mr. Gertler’s businesses are legitimate. He pays his taxes, making a good contribution to our government in monetary terms.
Och-Ziff has pleaded guilty and agreed to pay a $412 million fine: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10....18.1447373
Dan Gertler is another Chabad-Lubavitcher very close to the gigantic network of scandals surrounding Donald Trump.
There are good stories on Gertler stealing riches from Congo, from more than 10 years ago…
I’ll start with this story from February 2008 that details Gertler’s connection to the Chabad-Lubavitch cult of which Ivanka Trump and husband Jared Kushner are members…
Dan Gertler does nothing without the spiritual guidance of Brooklyn-born Rabbi Chaim Leibovitch, a friend of Condoleeza Rice.
When Dan Gertler is in the Congo, his kosher meals come from its capital Kinshasa, arranged by high priest of the Chabad of Central Africa Rabbi Shlomo Bentolila. Bentolila has been a Kinshasa Rabbi since 1991, working with the previous vicious dictator of Zaire, Mobutu Sese Seko.
In one of those strange coincidences, Israeli trained shock troops became Mobutu’s bodyguards, with Mossad advisers.
In 2000, former Congolese president Laurent Kabila (father of Joseph) offered Gertler’s International Diamond Industries (IDI) a monopoly on Congolese diamonds, and 88% of the proceeds, worth billions in exchange for Israeli military assistance.
In 2000, Congolese military officials flew to Israel to negotiate the deal.
Africa Confidential called President Kabila’s 2003 visit to the Bush White House a “coup” for Israeli diamond magnates Dan Gertler and Beny Steinmetz.
Dan Gertler is also close to Israeli politicians, especially Avigdor Lieberman, and even closer to the Israeli-American diamante merchant Beny Steinmetz, a good friend of former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert. Gertler’s Rabbi Leibovitz, is also very close to Lieberman and “a regular fixture” in PM Benjamin Netanyahu’s offices
Steinmetz’s real estate partners include the billionaires David and Simon Reuben, and the Saudi Arabian investment company Olayan Group, which is deeply connected with defence insider Bechtel Corporation (whose chairman Riley Bechtel was on the board of Theranos in which Rupert Murdoch and Betsy DeVos invested hundreds of millions of dollars).
Canadian-based Energem (formerly DiamondWorks), whose director/shareholders include Tony and Mario Teixeira, is involved in the trans-Uganda-Kenya pipeline, together with subsidiary of Bechtel, Nexant.
Energem was launched by Tim Hoare and is owned by British mercenary Tony Buckingham, the Teixeiras, J.P. Morgan, Gertler’s partner Beny Steinmetz (50%).
Brian Menell is on the board of Energem. Brian Menell is also on the board of Anglovaal with Nir Livnat, who has also supported both Joseph Kabila and Jean-Pierre Bemba in Congo’s bloody wars. Livnat was managing director of the Johannesburg-based subsidiary of the Steinmetz Group of Diamond Companies, Ascot Diamonds.
The Portuguese born Anthony Teixeira later moved to South Africa and his daughter married Congolese warlord Jean-Pierre Bemba.
Bemba’s deadly battle in Congo in March 2007 was a fight between rival agents — Bemba and president Joseph Kabila — to be the black front man for the mining cartels run by dynastic families like Templesman, Oppenheimer, Mendell, Forrest, Blattner, Hertzov, Gertler and Steinmetz.
Security for mining operations in Congo is provided exclusively by private security companies like Overseas Security Services (OSS), owned by Belgian billionaire tycoon Philippe de Moerloose.
De Moerloose is also an adviser to European Union (EU) Commissioner, diamante salesman Louis Michel.
In November 2007, Dan Gertler finalized a deal in which the Canadian Katanga Mining Ltd. bought rival NIKANOR for $2.1 billion so their merged company would become the world’s largest cobalt company by combining their Congo mining projects, reportedly worth $3.3 billion.
NIKANOR is registered in offshore tax haven Isle of Man/ Britain’s Earl of Balfour is a director of both NIKANOR and Bateman.
Former US ambassador to Egypt and Israel, assistant under Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, and policy advisor to Barack Obama, Dan Kurtzer, is on NIKANOR’s board. NIKANOR partners include Israeli-born Nir Livnat.
The Nikanor company was owned by Benny Steinmetz (50%), Dan Gertler (20%) and the Anglo-Jewish Gertner family (30%): https://dissidentvoice.org/2008/02/gertl...orah-gang/
In 2009, diamond tycoon Dan Gertler at Ben-Gurion International Airport was asked by officers from the National Fraud Investigations Unit to accompany them on suspicions of bribing his friend, Avigdor Lieberman (later Israel's foreign minister).
Gertler simply denied that he had ever transferred money to or been involved in business with Lieberman.
Katanga’s cash-flow problems forced it to transfer control to the Swiss-based commodities giant Glencore (maybe best known for Marc Rich).
In 2003, the Gertler-controlled Emaxon Finance Corporation was granted a four-year concession by Miba to market 85% of its diamonds, which Gertler purchased at a 5% discount and on top of that lent $15 million to Miba.
The signatories on this agreement on behalf of Emaxon were Gertler's Rabbi Chaim Leibovitch and attorney Yaakov Neeman, Israel's minister of justice.
Gertler became Joseph Kabila's official personal envoy, and with Rabbi Leibovitch forged close ties between the Congo and senior officials in Washington. He personally met with then-secretary of state Condoleezza Rice to discuss this matter.
According to a confidant: "You can attribute to him, for example, Congo's abstention in the UN vote on the U.S. invasion of Iraq
12-15-2019, 05:14 PM
(This post was last modified: 12-15-2019, 05:15 PM by Firestarter.)
Maybe Congogate, Chabadgate or Wilburgate are objectively speaking more interesting than “Russiagate” or the impeachment charade…
Please don’t tell a sole that once again the trail of corruption, money laundering, bribes and Russia from Dan Gertler leads to Glencore and Trump’s Secretary of Commerce – long-time Rothschild banker Wilbur Ross.
In 1997, chief rabbi of Kinshasa’s Chabad-Lubavitch centre Shlomo Bentolila introduced diamond merchant Dan Gertler to Kabila’s son Joseph.
In April 2002, Gertler secretly shuttled between Washington, Kinshasa and Kigali, Rwanda, relaying letters between Kabila and Condoleezza Rice.
Former special assistant to President George W. Bush, Jendayi Frazer, said Gertler’s intervention was instrumental to the “peace” accord.
In June 2010 and March 2011, state-owned Sodimico sold more than 30 mining licenses to Gertler-linked companies for $60 million; worth an estimated $1.6 billion…
In 2011, companies affiliated with Gertler bought shares in 5 mining ventures from 3 state-owned firms. The state companies “forgot” to publicly announce the sales.
At the Mutanda project, Gertler paid far less for his 20% than his partner, Glencore International. One of Gertler’s British Virgin Islands-based companies bought the 20% stake from Gecamines for $120 million in March 2011, worth about $849 million.
In May 2012, Glencore paid $340 million plus $140 million in assumed debt, for 20% of the same mine, increasing its stake to 60%: http://web.archive.org/web/2018092206512...aca62740bf
Gertler’s had allegedly delivered weapons to President Kabila in 2001 in exchange for a monopoly on the sale of Congo diamonds.
In 2007, Glencore first went into business with Gertler.
In 2009, Glencore partnered with Dan Gertler for mining permits awarded by the Congolese government to extract copper and cobalt on very favourable terms.
In July 2018, the US Department of Justice demanded that Glencore publish documents on its activities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria and Venezuela. Washington is “investigating” corruption and money laundering.
The British “anti-corruption” Serious Fraud Office also announced to “examine” Glencore: https://www.publiceye.ch/en/topics/commo...ore-in-drc
The reported largest shareholder in Glencore Xstrata is the state-owned Qatar Investment Authority with 8.2%.
Glencore is in business with the Rusal of Oleg Deripaska, Nat Rothschild, Viktor Vekselberg and Len Blavatnik: https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewtop...038&p=4931
Long-time business partners Viktor Vekselberg and Len Blavatnik serve on the board of the Chabad-Lubavitch Schneerson library.
In 2014, Jeffrey Epstein invested $1.5 million in SUM with Barak. In 2015, that money went into Carbyne.
In September 2017, Russian oligarchs Viktor Vekselberg and Andrew Intrater bought 24% of Carbyne’s Class A-1 shares through Intrater’s Columbus Nova Technology Partners (CNTP): https://forums.richieallen.co.uk/showthr...26#pid6926
In 2014, Wilbur Ross led the €1 billion takeover of the Bank of Cyprus. The second-largest shareholder of Bank of Cyprus at this time was the billionaire Russian industrialist Viktor Vekselberg, head of Renova Corp.
In November 2014, former CEO of Deutsche Bank, Josef Ackerman, became chairman of the Bank of Cyprus. Ackerman is also on the board of Renova.
Vekselberg once sold his aluminium company to Oleg Deripaska, who turned it into Rusal: https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewtop...4908#p4908
In 2011, Wilbur Ross’ private equity company, WL Ross, led a coalition of investors that put about $1 billion into Diamond S Shipping.
Diamond S Shipping’s business mostly relies on a handful of customers, including Glencore PLC, which provided more than 10% of its revenue in 2012- 2013: https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewtop...5984#p5984
In 2013, a panel led by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan wrote that Gertler acquired mining interests in the Congo for an average of one-sixth of their market price.
Dan Gertler was especially close to Joseph Kabila’s aide Augustin Katumba Mwanke, who won’t be talking as he died in a plane crash in 2012.
On one occasion, Gertler, Katumba and their families vacationed together on a yacht on the Red Sea. Katumba then check into an Israeli hospital for a scheduled operation. When the operation went awry, Katumba slipped into a coma, and Gertler rushed in 13 doctors, including 3 from London.
Katumba has praised Gertler for saving his life; see Gertler visiting him in hospital.
Mining tycoon Dan Gertler appears in 120 documents of the Paradise Papers, regarding his relationship with London-listed Glencore, which uses Appleby’s Bermuda branch.
These documents showed that in 2009 Glencore “loaned” $45 million for 2 years to Gertler for helping to make a deal with Congo officials over a joint venture with state-owned Gécamines at the Katanga copper mine in 2009. The loan document stated that Congo had to agree on the Katanga deal.
Katanga “persuaded” Congo into a signing bonus worth $140 million, instead of more than $580 million. The reduced bonus meant that Katanga paid one quarter of the market price for copper at the time.
In February 2009, Katanga announced a sizable loan from a group that included Glencore and Lora Enterprises, a British Virgin Islands company owned by a trust that benefits Gertler’s family.
In 2014, it emerged that Glencore first lent the capital that Gertler’s company in turn lent to Katanga, which then acquired new shares in Katanga.
In February 2017, Glencore bought Gertler’s stake in major Congo mines, including Katanga, for more than $500 million.
One of the reports alleged that Gertler agreed to exchange diamonds for weapons to Congolese armed forces, at a time when national armies, militias and warlords were killing and raping indiscriminately.
In September 2016, the US Justice Department settled a bribery case with New York-based hedge fund Och-Ziff Capital Management Group under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act for $413 million. This mentioned Lora Enterprises, which was described as controlled by an unnamed Israeli “DRC partner” (which must have been Gertler).
The Justice Department accused Och-Ziff for lending Lora Enterprises $110 million in November 2010 that was used, to make “approximately $20 million in corrupt payments to be made to various DRC officials
”, including unnamed “DRC official 2” believed to be Augustin Katumba Mwanke: https://www.icij.org/investigations/para...-glencore/
I first looked into the Chabad, when I investigated the Bayrock scandal in which Trump was a business partner of Tevfik Arif.
I found out that Lubavitcher Dan Gertler is also in business with the ENRC of the Chabad-linked Kazakh trio that were/are business partners of Tevfik Arif…
In 2012, Dan Gertler’s Canada-based Emaxon Finance International Inc., paid $15 million in cash and loans to the country’s state-owned diamond miner MIBA, for a four-year contract to sell 88% of its diamonds (a near monopoly of Congo’s diamond trade).
In 2007, Dan Gertler became a shareholder in CAMEC, a company listed on London’s AIM exchange.
in 2009, the Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation PLC (ENRC), the Kazakh-founded mining company controlled by the partners in crime of Trump’s business partner Tevfik Arif – the Kazakh trio - Alexander Mashkevitch, Alijan Ibragimov, and Patokh Chodiev, acquired CAMEC.
ENRC bought CAMEC through purchase agreements with a number of offshore companies which were listed as CAMEC’s shareholders. Some of these offshore companies appear linked to Gertler.
See Alexander Mashkevitch on the left with a Torah scroll that was donated to the Chabad Russian Centre of South Florida in 2011.
In 2009, SMKK (Societe Miniere de Kabolela & Kipese SPRL) was half-owned by the state’s Gecamines (La Generale des Carrieres & des Mines), and half-owned by ENRC. ENRC wanted to acquire all of SMKK but didn’t exercise its right. Instead, ENRC made a deal with the Gertler-controlled Emerald Star Enterprises Ltd., based in the British Virgin Islands.
On 21 December, 2009, ENRC paid Emerald Star $25 million for an option to buy the remaining 50% of SMKK.
In February 2010, Gertler’s Emerald Star made a deal to buy Gecamines’ stake in SMKK for $15 million. Four months later, ENRC completed the transaction by buying Gertler’s Emerald Star for another $50 million (paying a total of $75 million), or 5 times what Gertler had paid.
Gertler also has a copper and cobalt joint venture with ENRC - Comide SPRL.
ENRC is listed on the London Stock Exchange.
In 2009 and 2010, Congo’s government suddenly cancelled the Kolwezi, Frontier and Lonshi projects with First Quantum. When in January 2010, Gecamines cancelled its contract with First Quantum it secretly awarded its stake in the Kolwezi project to the Highwind Group, another one of Dan Gertler’s networks of offshore companies.
In August 2010 Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation PLC (ENRC) announced to buy indirect control of the Kolwezi licence from Dan Gertler. This was the day after the ICC Court of Arbitration had ruled against the Canadian miner First Quantum, which had protested about the state of Congo revoking its Kolwezi mining licence.
ENRC loaned the Highwind Group the money to cover the $60 million signature bonus and also paid $175 million to control 50.5% of the stake. This suggests that Highwind promised financing even before Gecamines sold on its stake in Kolwezi.
In May 2010, the Frontier and Lonshi copper mines were confiscated from First Quantum and then secretly awarded to 3 offshore companies, of which 2 are linked to Dan Gertler.
That ENRC bought these mines anyway, it looks like ENRC expects to buy the licenses from these offshore companies.
In January 2012, First Quantum Minerals Ltd. and Eurasian Natural Resources Corp. (ENRC) agreed on a $1.25-billion settlement over First Quantum’s misadventures in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This was only weeks after Kabila was re-elected as president of the Congo.
Analyst at UBS Securities Matt Murphy concluded that as First Quantum spent about $1.3-billion to acquire and build Kolwezi and Frontier, it effectively got its money back.
Global Witness called on Glencore ENRC to publish details of the transactions as it looks like corrupt Congolese officials received kickbacks through these offshore companies, in return for selling assets to Gertler below the market price: https://cdn.globalwitness.org/archive/fi...6.12_1.pdf
Tevfik Arif, although no Jew is also very close to the Chabad, was the business partner of Donald Trump in Bayrock.
In September 2010, Arif was arrested by the Turkish police for running a prostitution ring, on board a luxury yacht, with the Kazakh-based billionaire and Belgian citizen Alexander Mashkevitch, the president of metal and mining Eurasian National Resources Corporation (ENRC) and a member of the World Jewish Congress, with his ENRC colleagues, Patokh Chodiev and Alijan Ibragimov.
The Sapir Organization, owned by Georgian property developer Sapir Tamir, partnered with Bayrock. Sapir, the Kazakh trio, Musa Bazhaev, and the Reuben brothers (real estate partners of Gertler’s business partner Beny Steinmetz,) were guests at the weddings of Tevfik’s children.
Patokh Chodiev has said that the “Kazakh trio” first met the London based billionaires, David and Simon Reuben, in the spring of 1992: http://www.ronpaulforums.com/showthread....ost6532237
Musa Bazhaev, head of Alliance Group in Russia, was also on the Savarona boat with the prostitutes, and is close to both Alexander Mashkevitch and Vladimir Putin.
See from left to right: Bazhaev, Alexander Mashkevitch, and Tevfik Arif.
See Musa Bazhaev with Putin.
Donald Trump’s Secretary of Commerce, Wilbur Ross, occupied a management position at Mittal. Johannes Sittard was Mittal's second in command in 1995-2001.
The ENRC and Alferon are both chaired by Johannes Sittard. Lakshmi Mittal paid $100 million to Alferon to acquire Karmet steelworks in Kazakhstan for $310 million in 1995. Alferon is owned by the Kazakh trio, Alexander Mashkevitch, Alijan Ibragimov, and Patokh Chodiev.
Sittard said that he used the Chodiev group to pay a huge commission (bribe) to Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev (Alexander Mashkevitch’s friend, whose son-in-law, Zia, was Bazhaev’s brother): https://www.lawfulpath.com/forum/viewtop...4938#p4938